1 Sexual Hygiene
2 Computerized Neuroanatomy Practical
3 Computerized Osteology Practical and Tutorial
4 Computerized Histology & Cell Biology Practical
5 Computerized Embryology Practical
6 Computerized Living anatomy Practical
7 Computerized Gross anatomy Practical
8 Computerized Pocket Anatomy
9 Computerized Medicine Practical
  Sexual Hygiene



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Electronic Book- A truly Interactive Electronic Book (TIEB) with companion    208pp   Sexual Hygiene is the FIRST  TIEB


Overview of Sexual Intercourse

Male Reproductive Organs

Female Reproductive Organs

Male Reproductive Functions

Female Reproductive Functions

Healthy Copulation


Male Psyche

Female Psyche

Adolescent Psychology

Sexual Psychology

Sociology of Sex



Sexual Health and Ill Health

Sexual Dysfunction

Cervical mucus and Natural family Planning

Other aspects of advanced Sexual Hygiene








The Human Anatomy Laboratory

Sexual Hygiene

A manual of the principles and practice of sexual hygiene for use in lower and higher institutions




Oluwole Ogunranti


© Electronic School of Medicine Publication 2012

ISBN 978-2756-00-8

An ESM  Publication.

All Rights Reserved. This Publication may be reproduced electronically or otherwise for the sole purpose of promoting sexual hygiene free. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise for sale, without the prior permission of ESM Publications.


© ESM Publication 2012






Chapter 1……. .Introduction to Sexual hygiene

Chapter 2……..Overview of Sexual Intercourse



Chapter 3……...Male Reproductive Organs

Chapter 4 ……..Female Reproductive Organs



Chapter 5……...Male Reproductive Functions

Chapter 6……...Female Reproductive Functions

Chapter 7……...Healthy Copulation

Chapter 8……...Pregnancy



Chapter 9………Male Psyche

Chapter 10…….Female Psyche

Chapter 11.…....Adolescent Psychology

Chapter 12.....…Sexual Psychology



Chapter 13…….Sociology of Sex


More Sexual hygiene

Chapter 14……..Acquired immune deficiency syndrome and HIV infection

Chapter 15……..Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chapter 16……..Sexual Health and Ill Health

Chapter 17……..Sexual Dysfunction

Chapter 18……..Cervical mucus and Natural Family Planning

Chapter 19……..Other aspects of advanced Sexual Hygiene

Chapter 20……..Virginity

Chapter 21……..Ethics of Sexual hygiene

Appendix 1…….Temperament tests

Appendix 2…….AFASH Workshops for Adults

Appendix 3…….AFASH Workshops for Teenagers



Bibliography ……..






This book comes out of the workshop training for NYSC (National Youth Service Corp) volunteers who were trained for AIDS Peer Instruction and Counseling, for 7 years  (1998-2004) at the Department of Anatomy, University of Jos and designed by the author who was then Head of this department. While it existed it operated under the NGO -Action For AIDS And Sexual Hygiene (AFASH). It was prolegomena and a prelude to the presently centrally coordinated Peer instruction programme being pursued by the NYSC with the aid of UNICEF (NYSC Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Project) which began and took over this project in 2004. The entire program was placed on internet in 2002 for the would be instructors, in self education <http://www.oluwoleogunranti.com/afash/afash.htm>.

Presently the book is divided into the following sections

1.      Book 1 is Elementary Sexual Hygiene for self education of minors and young adolescents in secondary institutions.

2.      Book 2 is Advanced Sexual Hygiene for self education and preparation for instruction by young adults in higher institutions such as Universities etc and for peer instructors course such as NYSC and the like.

3.      END NOTES. End notes are comprehensive and they are to be used by those who wish to have deeper knowledge of the biology and medicine of reproductive and sexual health.

4.      WORKSHOPS are designed for use by instructors and they are mainly power point presentation and can therefore be projected in a hall of instruction or class room after access to internet is obtained (e.g. via modem).

The reader is advised to check online dictionary to understand meaning of medical terms at http://www.oluwoleogunranti.com/course/course1/miscitemsnf.htm



Oluwole Ogunranti

Jos, Nigeria

9 December 2011








This book is for minors in Secondary school from ages 10-14 years












 Sex dictionary

What is sexual hygiene?[1] To answer this simple question, we have to know first what is "sexual" or "sex."

Sex refers to gender of an animal or a human being. Hence we say the person's sex is male or the person’s sex is female. But we also have an extended meaning of sex. This can mean sexual intercourse  and the usage ‘sex’ probably arose as a result of a need to shorten the term "sexual intercourse ".

The word "sexual" is an adjective referring to sex and the word “sexuality” means sexual characteristics of an individual.

Sexuality is the totality of our sexual make up; desires, abhorences and performances.  Thus  a man may be a homosexual or heterosexual or bisexual.  It also includes such sexual orientation as are called sexual deviations, e.g. sadomasochism, etc.   In the primary group, he/she  may be more sexually attracted to white than black females or males or light colored or black colored persons etc.

Then sexual hygiene  refers to the hygiene which relates to sex or to sexual activity or sexuality. It means the art of behavior which is geared towards the maintenance of health by its intent. It is therefore behavioral and goal-oriented (i.e. it has a goal in mind). Sexual hygiene is not sexual health but its goal is sexual health.  Sexual hygiene is a goal-oriented activity which leads to sexual health. But sexual health, just as any form of health, is no activity, it is a state of an individual. Hence sexual health, following the definition of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Health is a state of complete mental physical and social sexual well-being and not just absence of sexual diseases.

The following are areas of  sexual hygiene

·         Promotion of healthy sexual interactions. Sexual interactions are generally considered dirty by many, but they need not be. There are sexual activities and interactions that are extremely delightful and not dirty, and such must be encouraged, while others, which bring about ill-health, must be discouraged at all levels. The healthiest sexual interactions as we understand it in this book are those which take place between husband and wife in a marital union. Any other form of sexual interaction outside this union is open to abuse and diseases. We shall examine this below.


  • Prevention of STIs and AIDS. Sexual hygiene must include all forms of behaviors that tend to discourage the development of AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Several behaviors have been identified as high risk in the development of AIDS or HIV infection. They include high alcohol ingestion, on or about the time of infection, extra marital relationships, e.g. sex partners in boy-girl relationships, presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), intravenous drug use by addicts, use of unsterile objects to pierce skin etc.  



  • Natural family planning. Because  sexual hygiene also takes into account reproductive hygiene, whose ultimate goal is reproductive health. It is important that family planning should be a corporate member of the  sexual hygiene activities. Some perform family planning in order to place enough space between their children. Others use it to enjoy the relationship of sexual interactions in the marital home. Natural family planning has the advantage of being natural. It does not unduly task the body and therefore has no side effects. When practiced properly, it constitutes no risk to the individual practicing it. Inavailability of family planning in general may lead to sexual promiscuity on the part of the male or female. In the case of the male, he may seek another partner because his wife is not ready for him (since she may be pregnant with another baby or breast feeding, or even in her monthly period).  Also, when natural family planning methods lead to failure, it tasks the family programme unduly. It is therefore important that scheduling of reproductive activities in the family by family planning methods be used to provide the necessary reproductive health for the entire family.


  • Prevention of teenage pregnancies and marriages. The biology of the human body is such that the teenage body is not mature for sexual activities until it is past the age of 16. Hence any form of pregnancy below the age of sixteen is bound to create problems for the persons with the body. Such problems include problems of the delivery of the baby at parturition and the subsequent development of vesicovaginal fistula because the individual pelvis has not matured enough to allow for the expansion during childbirth.   Hence it is advisable to allow a woman to marry only after the age of 16. Also pregnancy and child birth below this age of sixteen can only create problems for the would be mother and it is best avoided in order to have healthy sexual interactions.


  • Prevention of female genital mutilations: Genital mutilations of the female genital organs such as the labia, clitoris etc are common in certain cultures. They are best avoided in order to promote healthy sexual interactions for such procedures do not perform the actions for which they were originally intended. They were designed to reduce promiscuity in the female, but they do no such thing. They only cause pain, abnormal labor and difficulty in sexual activity called dyspareunia.







·       STIs






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