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1 Sexual Hygiene
2 Computerized Neuroanatomy Practical
3 Computerized Osteology Practical and Tutorial
4 Computerized Histology & Cell Biology Practical
5 Computerized Embryology Practical
6 Computerized Living anatomy Practical
7 Computerized Gross anatomy Practical
8 Computerized Pocket Anatomy
9 Computerized Medicine Practical
   
   
   
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  • Computerized Osteology Practical and Tutorial
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Electronic Book- A truly Interactive Electronic Book (TIEB) with companion      


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Computerized Osteology practical and Tutorial

An electronic manual and workbook for the anatomy medical student

An electronic manual and workbook for the anatomy medical stud

Oluwole Ogunranti

 

Visiting Professor of Anatomy, Imperial College London and

Member, Wolfson College, Cambridge, UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electronic School of Medicine [ESM] Publications

____________________________________________________

www.oluwoleogunranti.com


 

 

 

 

 

 

Computerized Osteology Practical & Tutorial

An electronic manual and workbook for the anatomy medical student

 

 

 

© Electronic School of Medicine Publication 2012

 

 

ISBN 978-2756-97-0

 

  

All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise for sale, without the prior permission of ESM Publications. 

Other related titles by ESM Publications

Computerized Practical Manuals

Computerized Neuroanatomy Practical

Computerized Histology & Cell Biology Practical

Computerized Embryology Practical

Computerized Living and Clinical Anatomy Practical

Computerized Gross Anatomy Practical

Anatomy Bible
Computerized Medicine Practical etc
 


Other advanced books published by ESM

Degree Anatomy
Reproductive biology, Technology and Medicine
Recombinant DNA and Genetic Medicine 

 

Printed in Nigeria by

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 PREFACE

                                                                                                                 

Osteology is the study of bones and has been one of the earliest studies in Human anatomy since renaissance times. The understanding of bone anatomy led to the treatment of fractures and other bone diseases. Like other computerized manuals, this workbook is designed in such a way that the actual materials such as bones may not be needed for study. The manual encourages practical and tutorial osteology with the use of real bones which can be quite easily obtained from cadavers and bleached for study. As in previous electronic texts, stupendous illustrations are provided and many modalities of image display are used in this electronic book. They include animations, scan, simulations, morphing, rollover alternate displays etc, to include audios and videos (including Video CDs), to enable the learner to study in a modified environment which is learning friendly with well written learning objectives. It is also written in an integrative fashion so that acess to all aspects of Medicine can be obtained at every page to include electronic dissector, search and links to all subjects in medicine. It is supported by the resource base at the world wide web- Electronic School of Medicine, www.oluwoleogunranti.com and also at www.hamj.org

 

This book is another of the TIEB (totally or truly interactive electronic books) series under the Electronic School of Medicine Publications on the World Wide Web in which the hard book is the literature and the actual book is electronic. It is mainly designed for self instructional learning but can also be used in a class room setting, e.g. a digital classroom, or practical laboratory with computer. When used as an electronic workbook for practical learning it is completely computer enabled so that the student can choose to submit his/her assignments electronically by email or by hand. He/she can generate the image he/she needs electronically and then either color and/or label electronically before submitting by email or simply print and then label manually before submission. This particular featueis not enabled in osteology and gross anatomy manuals. The user is therefore advised to use the electronic book very often since it contains lots of interactive materials which cannot be displayed on a hard book with access to materials that fill a whole Library of Medicine, and to use the literature as companion/revision and secondary to it. The electronic book contains mainly internet TIEB links. It also contains a teacher’s page.

 

I am grateful to Imperial College London for giving me an opportunity for Sabbatical in the Human Anatomy Unit and for giving me the time to write this book and others. It is hoped that this little electronic book with its stupendous library access will find use in the area of modern learning and assimilation.

 

John Oluwole Ogunranti

London

12 March 2011

 

 


 

 

 

OUTLINE

 

SECTION A

SECTION A- INTRODUCTION

 

Chapter 1

Osteological Terms

1

     

SECTION B

SECTION B- UPPER EXTREMITY

 

     
     

Chapter 2

Clavicle

10

Chapter 3

Scapula

19

Chapter 4

Humerus

34

Chapter 5

Radius

47

Chapter 6

Ulna

58

Chapter 7

Carpus

69

Chapter 8

Metacarpus

82

Chapter 9

Phalanges of Hand

93

SECTION C

SECTION C- LOWER EXTREMITY

 

Chapter 10

Femur

104

Chapter 11

Patella

115

Chapter 12

Tibia

121

Chapter 13

Fibula

131

Chapter 14

Tarsus

140

Chapter 15

Metatarsus

149

Chapter 16

Phalanges of Foot

158

SECTION D

SECTION D- THORAX

 

Chapter 17

Sternum

169

Chapter 18

Ribs

175

SECTION E

SECTION E- ABDOMEN

 

Chapter 19

Hip bone

191

Chapter 20

Pelvis

204

SECTION F

SECTION D- HEAD, NECK & VERTEBRAE

 

Chapter 21

Skull

217

Chapter 22

Hyoid bone

254

Chapter 23

Vertebrae

256

Teacher’s page

Teacher’s page

283

Index

Index

285

 


 

 

 

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

 

GEP_IAS-Meet_28

 

You have just acquired a unique book which is also the first of its kind. It is a dream of a moving library in which information can be check out on a larger resource base as quickly as it is possible, which in this case is the World Wide Web. Do not USE THIS BOOK LIKE ANY OTHER OR READ IT THE WAY OTHER BOOKS ARE READ. It is an Electronic Book which means it is a book to be read or used on the computer. Open your CD/DVD and copy all the items into your computer in case the CD is lost. Then use the links on the computer and store your CD/DVD in a safe place. It is also provided with a DVD/VCD video.

 

Prelab

Your teacher may use the link on the Teacher’s page to introduce the Practical for the day by digital projection in the laboratory. It is usually animated power point presentation.

 

Lab

The actual literature or hard book is meant for revision or, using the language of the Electronic School of Medicine, for postlab. For laboratory activity the actual Electronic Book should be used. In the classroom or laboratory the electronic book must be hooked unto internet via a modem on a laptop or any other internet link. Then use the computer to perform instructions and answer all questions on the workbook. Each chapter is a single laboratory schedule. Take time to check the links with other colleagues in a practical group of 2 or more students. It is preferable to have the practical item on the tray or trolley during the use of the book. But if not available, use the illustrations on the book and then label or color the diagrams (just like for the actual practical material) which may be generated automatically using the computer or manually. You then have the option of either submitting manually after the practical session or digitally through email to your learning instructor/teacher.

 

During the period of your practical class try to open links that would make you as a group understand the laboratory schedule you are performing, which will include links to  images, videos, or audios, which are played to the hearing of everyone in your group.

 

Postlab

In the comfort of your own home you can perform postlab or revision. Again it is wise to begin with the Electronic Book itself. Check it out on internet and make sure it assists you in understanding the subject matter of the practical. After then you can safely use only the literature for revision which will include studying your own labelled diagrams and/or comments together with the comments found in the book. You can perform quizzes after every chapter and these are themselves interactive, or do revision  here.

 

More

Check the link TIEB on internet to obtain more information on what your Truly (or totally) Interactive Electronic Book you have just purchased can do for you.
 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

 

General instructions

 

Draw and label all bones; some may be optional depending on your teacher/instructor.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION A

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

skeletonfootball

 

 

 

 1

Osteology encyclopedia   Osteology picture scan  Osteology picture tutorial   Complete atlas of Osteology Osteology Museum  Osteology Museum list  Professional Osteology Tutorial   Osteology Summary   Osteology Presentation    Bone Xray scan   Chapter Quiz   Medical Dictionary   Osteology videos   Fracture and bone injuries  Bone rotation   OSTEOLOGY SCAN  

 

Osteological terms
Cognate-identification learning

 

 

Learning objective

 

Define the following osteological terms

Cancellous bone,  Compact bone  Concha  Diaphysis   Eminence  Endosteum   Epiphysis   Flat bone   Foramen  Fossa  Groove   Haversian canal   Lacunae   Lamella   Long bone   Medullary cavity   Metaphysis   Ossification center   Periosteum   Pneumatic bone   Sesamoid bone   Sharpey's fibers   Short bone   Spongy bone   Sulcus   Sutural bone   Trochanter XE "Trochanter"    Tubercle   Tuberosity

 

Cancellous bone  

Substance of bone filled with spaces containing red marrow. It forms lattice of tiny bone spicules.

 

 

 

 

Gross  Museum  Scan  Malformations

GLW_LX

Cell types
Anatomy
Organ integration
Quiz
anatomysearch
 

Physiology

Biochemistry

Chemical Pathology

Pathology

Pharmacology
Medicine
Surgery

 

 

Compact bone

Substance of bone with little spaces but having a central space which is filled with yellow marrow.

 

GLW_LX

Introduction
Cell biology
Histology
Embryology
Gross anatomy
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy
Quiz

Physiology

Biochemistry

Pharmacology

Chemical Pathology
Anatomical Pathology

Imaging

Medicine

Surgery

   

anatomysearch

 compac1

 

 

Concha  

Elevation on surface of bone.

 

Gross  Museum  Scan  Malformations

GLW_LX

Cell types
Anatomy
Organ integration
Quiz
anatomysearch
 

Physiology

Biochemistry

Chemical Pathology

Pathology

Pharmacology
Medicine
Surgery

 


skullinc

 

Diaphysis

Shaft of long bones.

 

diaphysis

 

Eminence

 

A bulge on the surface of bone, for example iliopubic eminence.

Gross  Museum  Scan  Malformations

GLW_LX

Cell types
Anatomy
Organ integration
Quiz
anatomysearch
 

Physiology

Biochemistry

Chemical Pathology

Pathology

Pharmacology
Medicine
Surgery

 

   
   
   

 

Endosteum          

 

Tissue which lines the medullary cavity of bone.

Epiphysis

This is the end of long bones which presents with secondary ossification centers. It is separated from the primary ossification center, which forms the diaphysis (shaft),  by a growing end of bone. When the growth ends this becomes ossified as metaphysis.

 

Flat bone

 

Bones which appear flat and therefore wider than they are tall. For example sternum, ribs etc. They contain red marrow.

hipboneilium

Foramen

 

A hole in a bone. It usually provides a route for the passage of vessels and nerves.

 

 

Computerized Gross Anatomy Practical

An electronic manual of museum dissections and workbook for the anatomy medical student

 

 

 

 

 

 

These books are provided on CDs/DVDs and also on internet for interactive learning. When their CDs are installed, they function either

 

  NON-TIEB

Degree Anatomy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History taking  
Learn clinical examination  
Long cases  
Short cases   
Clinicopathological cases  
Female examination 
Electronic clinical demonstrations  
Electronic clinical conferences  
Electronic clinicopathological conferences  
Integrated Organ examination 
Heart sounds  
Lung sounds

 


Electronic School of Medicine. Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti
© Copyright. All rights reserved