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3 Computerized Osteology Practical and Tutorial
4 Computerized Histology & Cell Biology Practical
5 Computerized Embryology Practical
6 Computerized Living anatomy Practical
7 Computerized Gross anatomy Practical
8 Computerized Pocket Anatomy
9 Computerized Medicine Practical
   

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Electronic Book- A truly Interactive Electronic Book (TIEB) with companion   105 pp    Computerized Neuroanatomy Practical is the FIRST Medical text TIEB


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Computerized Living Anatomy Practical

An electronic manual and workbook for the anatomy medical student

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oluwole Ogunranti

 

Visiting Professor of Anatomy, Imperial College London and

Member, Wolfson College, Cambridge, UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electronic School of Medicine [ESM] Publications

____________________________________________________

www.oluwoleogunranti.com


 

 

 

 

 

Computerized Gross Anatomy Practical

An electronic manual and workbook for the anatomy medical student

 

 

 

© Electronic School of Medicine Publication 2012

 

 

ISBN 978-2756-14-8

 

  

All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise for sale, without the prior permission of ESM Publications. 

Other related titles by ESM Publications

Computerized Practical Manuals

Computerized Neuroanatomy Practical

Computerized Histology & Cell Biology Practical

Computerized Osteology Practical and Tutorial

Computerized Living and Clinical Anatomy Practical

Computerized Gross Anatomy Practical
Computerized Surgery Practical etc
 


Other advanced books published by ESM

Degree Anatomy
Reproductive biology, Technology and Medicine
Recombinant DNA and Genetic Medicine 

 

Printed in Nigeria by

  

 

  


 

 

 

PREFACE

                                                                                                                 

Living anatomy is anatomy performed on the living subject. It began at about the time when cadaveric dissection began to dwindle in Europe and America and it as an answer to its paucity by the early 1980s. It is therefore not an answer to a specific problem and not in itself a new model borne out of excellence, but of necessity. It has come to stay and we must deal with it. The human body is fascinating. To begin to unravel the mysteries of its interior through dissection without adequately dealing with its exterior which is the main practising tool of all clinicians and physical educationists, is to remain a little non thorough. Hence the modern method of Living anatomy will stay with us for a long time because it is inexpensive, easily available and very fascinating. A medical school that can easily dissect cadaver need not at the same time do Living anatomy since most cadaveric dissection manuals include appreciation of surface anatomy before the commencement of dissections in any region. But if the school has no facilities for dissection, it is imperative that it mounts \ good program of Living anatomy.

 

This particular book extends its definition of modern Living anatomy a little further than usual. It includes surface makings of organs which is very well known but also introduces a modicum of clinical examination so that the student can perform inspection, palpation percussion and auscultation of all regions under study and writes findings down with the help of digital locator. It also includes knowledge of movements of all synovial joints in disease and injuries. It is an introduction to clinical examination and can be used for such before the teaching of clinical or physical examination in the hospital. Because it is an introduction to clinical setting, it also includes integrative notes which has links to all subjects of medicine for all known organs of the body. With the addition of videos of clinical examinations, the student is encouraged to learn the art of physical examination which will remain with him for ever in his/her chosen career. It is supported by the resource base at the world wide web- Electronic School of Medicine, www.oluwoleogunranti.com and also at www.hamj.org

 

This book is another of the TIEB (totally interactive electronic books) series under the Electronic School of Medicine Publications on the World Wide Web in which the hard book is the literature and the actual book is electronic. It is mainly designed for self instructional learning but can also be used in a class room setting, e.g. a digital classroom, or practical laboratory. When used as an electronic workbook for practical learning it is completely computer enabled so that the student can choose to submit his/her assignments electronically by email or by hand. He/she can generate the image he/she needs electronically and then either color and/or label electronically before submitting by email or simply print and then label manually before submission. The user is therefore advised to use the electronic book very often since it contains lots of interactive materials which cannot be displayed on a hard book with access to materials that fill a whole Library of Medicine, and to use the literature as companion/revision and secondary to it. The electronic book contains mainly internet TIEB links. It also contains a teacher’s page.

 

I am grateful to Imperial College London for giving me an opportunity for Sabbatical in the Human Anatomy Unit and for giving me the time to write this book and others. As a matter of fact I learnt Living anatomy at Imperial. It is hoped that this little electronic book with its stupendous library access will find use in the area of modern learning and assimilation.

 

John Oluwole Ogunranti

London

12 July 2011

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

SECTION A

SECTION A- INTRODUCTION

 

Chapter 1

Introduction

1

 

 

 

SECTION B

SECTION B- UPPER & LOWER EXTREMITY

 

Chapter 2

Pectoral region

22

Chapter 3

Shoulder

15

Chapter 4

Arm

17

Chapter 5

Cubital fossa

20

Chapter 6

Anterior forearm and dorsum of hand

22

Chapter 7

Posterior forearm

25

Chapter 8

Palm

28

Chapter 9

Joints of upper extremity

31

Chapter 10

Anterolateral aspect of thigh

37

Chapter 11

Medial aspect of thigh

40

Chapter 12

Gluteal region

42

Chapter 13

Posterior aspect of thigh

44

Chapter 14

Popliteal fossa

47

Chapter 15

Anterior aspect of leg

48

Chapter 16

Posterior aspect of leg

50

Chapter 17

Dorsum of foot

52

Chapter 18

Sole

54

Chapter 19

Joints of Lower Extremity

56

 

 

 

SECTION C

SECTION C- THORAX & ABDOMEN

 

Chapter 20

Chest

63

Chapter 21

Abdomen

68

Chapter 22

Joints of Abdomen and Pelvis

93

 

 

 

SECTION D

SECTION D- HEAD & NECK

 

Chapter 23

Face

96

Chapter 24

Scalp and Temple

98

Chapter 25

Neck

99

Chapter 26

Temporal fossa

101

Chapter 27

Infratemporal fossa

102

Chapter 28

Pterygopalatine fossa

103

Chapter 29

Submandibular region

104

Chapter 30

Suboccipital region

105

Chapter 31

Back

107

Chapter 32

Organs of Head, Neck and Back

108

Chapter 33

Joints of Head, Neck and Back

109

Chapter 34

Cranial nerves

111

 

 

 

SECTION E

CLINICAL ANATOMY

 

Chapter 35

Clinical Anatomy

113

 

Index

150

 

 

 

 

 

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

 

 

You have just acquired a unique book which is also the first of its kind. It is a dream of a moving library in which information can be check out on a larger resource base as quickly as it is possible, which in this case is the World Wide Web. Do not USE THIS BOOK LIKE ANY OTHER OR READ IT THE WAY OTHER BOOKS ARE READ. It is an Electronic Book which means it is a book to be read or used on the computer. Open your CD/DVD and copy all the items into your computer in case the CD is lost. Then use the links on the computer and store your CD/DVD in a safe place.

 

Prelab

Your teacher may use the link on the Teacher’s page to introduce the Practical for the day by digital projection in the laboratory.

 

Lab

The actual literature or hard book is meant for revision or, using the language of the Electronic School of Medicine, for postlab. For laboratory activity the actual Electronic Book should be used. In the classroom or laboratory the electronic book must be hooked unto internet via a modem on a laptop or any other internet link. Then use the computer to perform instructions and answer all questions on the workbook. Each chapter is a single laboratory schedule. Take time to check the links with other colleagues in a practical group of 2 or more other students. It is preferable to have the practical item on the tray or trolley during the use of the book. But if not available, use the illustrations on the book and then label or color the diagrams (just like for the actual practical material) which may be generated automatically using the computer or manually. You then have the option of either submitting manually after the practical session or digitally through email to your learning instructor/teacher.

 

During the period of your practical class try to open links that would make you as a group understand the laboratory schedule you are performing, which will include links to  images, videos, or audios, which are played to the hearing of everyone in your group.

 

Postlab

In the comfort of your own home you can perform postlab or revision. Again it is wise to begin with the Electronic Book itself. Check it out on internet and make sure it assists you in understanding the subject matter of the practical. After then you can safely use only the literature for revision which will include studying your own labelled diagrams and/or comments together with the comments found in the book. You can perform quizzes after every chapter and these are themselves interactive or do revision  here.

 

More

Check the link TIEBS on internet to obtain more information on what your Truly (or totally) Interactive Electronic Book you have just purchased can do for you.
 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

 

 

 

General

 


 

 

Perform the following

1.                  Inspect, palpate, percuss and auscultate all regions

2.                  Trace surface markings of the organs in the region

3.                  Test the range of movements of the synovial joint(s) in the region

4.                  Perform neurological examination using the pin for pain and tuning fork for vibration (optional) and reflexes for joints (e.g. shoulder joints) in the region

 

 

Worksheet

 

What do you see on inspection?(e.g. hump-back, normal etc)

What do you feel on palpation? (e.g. thrill, tenderness etc)

What do you hear on  percussion? (e.g. dull, resonant, tympanitic, hyperresonant)

What do you hear on auscultation? (e.g. normal or abnormal sounds- check  Stethoscopy  Normal heart sound, (abnormal
Normal lung sound (abnormal), Normal bowel sound Joint sound Blood vessel sound)

 

 


 

1

Clinical anatomy    Clinical examination   Neurological examination  Palpation anatomy   Clinical megaexaminer    Clinical examinations of ORGANS   Anatomy Dictionary    Digital locator   Chapter Quiz  Medical Dictionary   Living anatomy    Living anatomy videos  Clinical Examination video   Surface area   ORGAN DISPLAY PALPATOR

 

Introduction
Cognate-identification/psychomotor learning

 

Learning objective

Define living anatomy as consisting of four main features which have skin and cutaneous anatomy, surface markings of bones,  cutaneous blood  vessels and innervations and surface markings of internal organs. It includes as part of its psychomotor learning, a modicum of clinical examination.

 

 

LIVING ANATOMY

 

This is the anatomy of the living. It many refer to
 

bulletSkin  anatomy, including superficial and deep fasciae.

bulletSurface markings of bones and other organs in the body seen through the skin of the living.

bulletCutaneous blood vessels and innervation

bulletSurface markings of internal structures like organs, bones etc

Clinical examination   of region under study- to include inspection, palapation, percussion and auscultation. Neurological examination of the skin is also undertaken together with examination of synovial joints around the region.

 

·         History taking

·         Physical examination

The above two are very important in obtain information from patients.

 

Clinical megaexaminer

 

 

 

Procedure

 

For any evaluation of any region of the body the above four aspects must be taken into consideration.

 

 

 

  

 

 

These books are provided on CDs/DVDs and also on internet for interactive learning. When their CDs are installed, they function either

 

  NON-TIEB

Degree Anatomy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History taking  
Learn clinical examination  
Long cases  
Short cases   
Clinicopathological cases  
Female examination 
Electronic clinical demonstrations  
Electronic clinical conferences  
Electronic clinicopathological conferences  
Integrated Organ examination 
Heart sounds  
Lung sounds

 


Electronic School of Medicine. Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti
© Copyright. All rights reserved