Chemical pathology of heart

 

The heart pumps blood to circulate all over the body through the arteries. The veins collect the blood from the capillaries and send it back to the heart. When the heart is diseased it produces certain enzymes in high or low amount. In the state of heart failure certain peptides are released from the heart, brain and some other organs. Some chemical substances in blood increase pari passu with cardiac diseases and some are affected in treatment of heart conditions.

 

 

Chemical studies of heart functions are as follows

 

Cardiac enzymes

SGOT

Lactic dehydrogenase

Creatinine phosphokinase

 

Electrolytes and urea

Plasma sodium

Plasma potassium

Plasma chloride

Plasma bicarbonate

Blood urea

 

Others

Blood lipids

Blood glucose

Glucose tolerance test

Plasma fibrinogen

Plasma HDL cholesterol

Plasma cholesterol

Plasma triglyceride

Plasma lipoprotein (a)

Plasma homocysteine

Plasma his-CRP

Plasma atrionatiuretic peptide (ANP)

Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)

Plasma C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP)

 

Hypertensive treatment monitors

Uric acid

Glucose

Sodium

Potassium

Plasma renin

Plasma aldosterone

Serum creatinine

Serum magnesium

 

Arterial blood gases

 

Urine

24hour urine volume [heart failure]

Red cells in urine [infective endocarditis; kidney embolism]

Protein in urine [heart failure, constrictive pericarditis, tricuspid insufficiency, nephrotic syndrome]

Myoglobin in urine [myocardial infarction]

 

eInvestigation
Chemical pathology of blood

 

Cell biology

Embryology

Histology

Gross anatomy

Lymphatic drainage

Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Quiz

Dissector
Physiology

Biochemistry

Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology

Pharmacology

Imaging

Medicine

Surgery

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti