IPEM1,2 simply means integrated procedural electronic medicine. It is the principle on which this entire website is based. In this kind of electronic medicine, emphasis is placed on learning medicine through procedures and through integration of subject matter so that every organ or system has integration of subjects from embryology in anatomy right down to physiology, pathology, medicine surgery etc. The method of integration is through hypertexted pages via links and hyperlinks. Learning procedure is another emphasis on the IPEM method so that learning obviates rte through electronic learning which involves the use of animations, simulations, videos, and stupendous images to teach. To illustrate with anatomy, structures are digitally located stereoscopically by their depth and the body is electronically dissected. In histology the actual physiological process in a microenvironment of a tissue is animated and in embryology the process of development of an organ, cell or tissue is programmed and animated. Medical procedures are learnt in a virtual environment; clinical examination is performed using the mouse so that it becomes the stethoscope, palpating hand, percussion fingers etc. If you wish to know more about the principles of IPEM method please click this link for demonstration of IPEM in the clinical study of hepatology.

Integrated medicine involves the study of all subjects of medicine at every level, beginning from cells, to tissues, to organs, systems and regions. In studying clinical examination it is very essential in evaluating a region of the human body which is being examined. Vertical integration is the integration of all subjects in medicine in their separate domains from basic medical sciences (anatomy, physiology and biochemistry) paraclinical sciences (pathology and pharmacology) and also clinical sciences (medicine, surgery, obstetrics, gynecology, pediatrics, community health, to include the specialties of ophthalmology, anesthesia, orthopedics, psychiatry, imaging, dermatology, ENT etc). Horizontal integration involves the integration of subjects of the same or similar domain. Thus in preclinical domain, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry are all integrated, while in the paraclinical domain, pathology and pharmacology are integrated. In the clinical domain all the relevant subjects can be integrated. The usual approach is the  systemic approach which is thought to be superior to the organs integration approach. Both are used in this school so that every page has organs integration while systemic integration is approached from the systemic page.  Check various methods used in  'Old' The School and in the Integrated School.

Since every clinical examiner must place at the back of his/her mind background information when examining any part of the body, it is useful to keep all the relevant information of all subjects of medicine in reaching diagnosis of disease.

Procedural medicine
Electronic Medicine


1. Ogunranti J.O (2008). Electronic Medicine and Medical Education. Journal of Medicine in the Tropics 10 (2): 3-7.
2. Ogunranti J.O (2009). Web based Integrated procedural electronic medicine (IPEM) and  medical education. Medical Teacher  31 (6) 562


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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti