Diencephalon

 

Diencephalon is called the upper brain stem. It has on its sides structures of the basal ganglia which are embryologically and phylogenetically superior to it. The structures of the basal ganglia which surrounds the diencephalon are corpus striatum together with its division into a lateral lentiform nucleus and a medial caudate nucleus. Most of the diencephalic structures are placed at the back, i.e. dorsally and they are mainly thalamic. The diencephalon is divided into the following parts

1.  Thalamus

2.  Hypothalamus

3.  Epithalamus.

4.  Subthalamus

The cavity of the diencephalon is the 3rd ventricle while the cavity of the midbrain is the cerebral aqueduct.

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Thalamus

  

Hypothalamus                  


                      

 

 

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