Mental disorders

 

These are disorders of mind which affect the following
 

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Mood or affect

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Thought process

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Personality

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Intelligence

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Beliefs
 

They can be broadly classified as follows

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Minor

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Major

Minor can be classified as follows

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Personality disorders

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Anxiety disorders

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Mood disorders

Major ones can be classified as follows

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Functional psychoses (no brain damage due to trauma or space occupying lesion)

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Unipolar disorders

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Bipolar disorders

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Schizophrenia

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Schizophreniform conditions

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Schizoffective disorders

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Organic psychoses (brain damage or space occupying lesion

 

Modern classification of diseases of the mind be garnered from the International Classification of diseases (ICD-10) as follows

bulletF0: Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders
bulletF1: Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of psychoactive substances
bulletF2: Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders
bulletF3: Mood [affective] disorders
bulletF4: Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders
bulletF5: Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors
bulletF6: Disorders of personality and behaviour in adult persons
bulletF7: Mental retardation
bulletF8: Disorders of psychological development
bulletF9: Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence
bulletIn addition, a group of "unspecified mental disorders".

The ICD-10 states that mental disorder is "not an exact term", although is generally used "...to imply the existence of a clinically recognisable set of symptoms or behaviours associated in most cases with distress and with interference with personal functions." (WHO, 1992).

 

 

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