Diencephalon

 

This is called the interbrain because it connects the brainstem with the cerebrum.

Diencephalon is also called the upper brain stem. It has on its sides structures of the basal ganglia which are embryologically and phylogenetically superior to it. The structures of the basal ganglia which surrounds the diencephalon are corpus striatum together with its division into a lateral lentiform nucleus and a medial caudate nucleus. Most of the diencephalic structures are placed at the back, i.e. dorsally and they are mainly thalamic. The diencephalon is divided into the following parts

1.              Thalamus

2.              Hypothalamus

3.              Epithalamus.

4.The last structure within the diencephalon is the subthalamus.  

The cavity of the diencephalon is the 3rd ventricle while the cavity of the midbrain is the cerebral aqueduct.

 

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

 
Brainstem Thalamus Forebrain Medulla Midbrain Pons
Temporal lobe Basal ganglia Epithalamus Cerebral operculum Remove operculum Wall of lateral ventricle 1
Wall of lateral ventricle 2 Wall of lateral ventricle 3 Lateral ventricle 1 Lateral ventricle 2 Base Rhomboid fossa

 

 

 


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