Cerebral cortex

 

 

Classification which takes into consideration the phylogeny of the brain has three divisions

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Archicortex. This is the most primitive part of the telencephalon. It is also called archipallium.

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Paleocortex. This is the smell brain.

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Neocortex. Neocortex is the most developed part of the brain in man.

 


 
Coronal section through fixed brain at level of upper brain stem: 1 cortex 2 caudate nucleus 3 cerebral 'medulla' 4 corpus callosum 5 cingulate gyrus 6 fornix column 7 thalamus 8 internal capsule 9 lentiform nucleus 10 extreme capsule 11 claustrum 12 external capsule 13 insular cortex 14 3rd ventricle

 

3.        the lowermost structures in the telencephalon.. It consists of two structures
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a.              Corpus striatum

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b.              Amygdaloid nuclear complex (amygdala, amygdaloid body etc). The amygdala is very much related to the paleocortex more than the basal ganglia. Hence sometimes the term basal ganglia is synonymous with corpus striatum.

 

There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

 

Cerebral cortex in red                     
Brainstem Thalamus Forebrain Medulla Midbrain Pons
Temporal lobe Basal ganglia Epithalamus Cerebral operculum Remove operculum Wall of lateral ventricle 1
Wall of lateral ventricle 2 Wall of lateral ventricle 3 Lateral ventricle 1 Lateral ventricle 2 Base Rhomboid fossa


                      

 

 


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