Spina bifida

 

Spina bifida occurs as a congenital malformation which results from the failure of closure of the lack of reopening of the posterior aspect of the neural tube which then leads to the vertebral arches abnormalities. With the problem of the bony arches, the spinal cord tissue also becomes disorganized and herniates through the opening of the vertebral arches either containing spinal cord tissue (myelocele) or simply coverings (meningocele) or both (meningomyelocele). α fetoproteins can provide diagnosis in utero. It is divided into two types

  • Spina bifida occulta (hidden by covering of skin which may then carry hair or swelling)

  • Spina bifida manifesta seen, e.g. meningocele may be seen.

 

 

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti
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Spina bifida manifesta                  Spina bifida occulta

 

 

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