Dehydration

 

This is loss of water from the body and it can easily be assessed by loss of skin turgor. It is caused by the following

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Diarrhea

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Vomitting

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Excessive sweating

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Excessive urination (polyuria, pollakisuria)

 Its clinical features include
bullet Dry skin
bullet Loss of skin turgor
bullet Postural hypotension
bullet Oliguria

Laboratory findings

bullet High PCV
bullet High albumin
bullet High urea
      

 

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The Human Anatomy Laboratory