Hernia

 

Abnormal protrusion of viscus through abnormal opening. It may be internal or external.

External hernia in the abdomen include

Internal hernias include

Hernia can become incarcerated or obstructed or strangulated. When strangulated, it loses its blood supply and the tissue dies and becomes gangrenous, which is a surgical emergency. The gangrenous bowel or viscus must be removed.

 

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