BRONCHIECTASIS

   
 

Symptoms: Cough productive of mucopurulent sputum, hemoptysis; dyspnea and dry cough may be suggestive of upper lobe affection; wheezes.
Special signs: Crepitations, rhonchi and wheezes heard over lesion; finger clubbing.
Special investigations: Bronchography; CT scan; neutrophils in abundance in sputum

SHORT DESCRIPTION:
Abnormal and permanent dilatation of bronchi which contain mucopurulent material. It may be cylindrical, varicose or saccular and is caused by such organisms like H influenzae or P aeruginosa which produce toxins that injure the bronchial wall. Associated with cor pulmonale and amyloidosis.

 

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