Ectopic pregnancy

 

Pregnancy normally implants into a receptive uterus. When it does not and it implants in a different location, it is called ectopic pregnancy. It may implant in any of the following

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Fallopian tube (tubal pregnancy)

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Fimbrial

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Ampullary

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Intraligamentous

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Interstitial

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Isthmic

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Cervical

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Peritoneum (abdominal pregnancy)

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Ovary (ovarian pregnancy) etc


Since the point of implantation of ectopic pregnancy is of course not well suited for such, it may then rupture causing what is called ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage.

Ectopic pregnancy is commoner in the fallopian tube than other places at about 95%.

Ectopic pregnancy can be diagnosed by the following

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β-hCG assay

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Ultrasound

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Laparoscopy

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Laparotomy

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Dilatation and curettage

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Culdocentesis

 

 

 

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