Anatomy of anterior abdominal wall incisions

 
Surgical incisions are made into the anterior abdominal wall primarily in order to gain access into the peritoneal cavity. Sometimes this situation is reversed to that the incision is made into the posterior abdominal wall in order to reach the retroperitoneal structures. These retroperitoneal structures like the kidneys, suprarenal glands, ascending and  descending colon, duodenum and pancreas are best approached from the posterior abdominal wall incisions while intraperitoneal structures such as the intestines (small), sigmoid and  transverse colon and others such as (stomach, liver and  spleen, can be reached via the anterior abdominal wall incisions. There are several incisions which can be made into the anterior abdominal wall as follows


Locator of abdomen video.Check abdomen locator 

Clinical anatomy of abdominal incisions

 

 

 

Cell biology
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Gross anatomy
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
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Physiology

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti