Physiology of capillary

Capillaries have the highest total cross sectional area of all vessels having up to 4500 cm2. It also has one of the lowest mean arterial pressure of all vessels.

Endothelial cells can be stimulated to divide by growth factors such as epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor- α (TGF-α).

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Blood vessels physiology
 

Mean velocity, blood pressure, relative resistance, total cross-sectional area in all blood vessels from aorta to vein.

 

 

 

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