Histopharmacology of cholinergic drugs

Acetylcholine is main neurotransmitter

Direct acting cholinergic agonist

  • They are choline esters like carbachol, bethanechol etc.

Indirect acting agonist

 - cholinesterase inhibitors or anticholinesterase which inhibit the enzyme known to destroy acetylcholine. They include physiostigmine, donepezil, distigmine, pyridostigmine, neostigmine and rivastigmine.

Antimuscarinic drugs

These are drugs which action on muscarinic receptors as antagonists. They include

  • Hyoscine or scopolamine

  • Hyoscine butylbromide

  • Homatropine

  • Tropicamide or mydriacyl

  • Propantheline or probanthine

  • Oxybutynin

  • Glycopyrronium

  • Flavoxate

  • Ipratropium

 


Central and peripheral nervous system pharmacology

 

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

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Brainstem Thalamus Forebrain Medulla Midbrain Pons
Temporal lobe Basal ganglia Epithalamus Cerebral operculum Remove operculum Wall of lateral ventricle 1
Wall of lateral ventricle 2 Wall of lateral ventricle 3 Lateral ventricle 1 Lateral ventricle 2 Base Rhomboid fossa

 

 

 

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