Histopharmacology of bronchus


Cough is the most nasty symptom of bronchial infection or irritation. It can be stopped with the use of anti-tussives such as water aerosol inhalations, often with menthol. It may also be neccessary to give opioids which act centrally such as codeine or methadone.

Mucolytics can be beneficial if mucus being produced is too viscous. Mucolytic include steam  inhalation, carbocisteine or mecysteine. Aerosols and sprays act on bronchi and may be used to relied symptoms of asthma which may cause bronchospasms and they include β2 adrenergic receptor agonists such as salbutamol or terbutaline. Epinephrine (a potent β2 adrenergic receptor) is given parenterally in cases of status asthmaticus. In asthma bronchspasm due to smooth muscle contraction occurs as a result of allergic response. Adrenergic antagonism is the treatment.



There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti




Lung explanatory video




Cell Biology


Gross anatomy
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy





Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology





Main Subject Course Links

eAnatomy eAnesthesia eBiochemistry eChemical pathology eCommunity Health
eDermatology eENT eGynecology eHematology eImaging
eMedicine eMedical microbiology eObstetrics eOphthalmology ePathology
ePediatrics ePharmacology ePhysiology ePsychiatry    eSurgery/eOrthopedics
eLab eOSCE eProcedures eInvestigations eSchool/Videopage
eOrgans eLocator Anatomy Museum eDissector eFractures/Dissect-it-yourself
All diseases eClerking eTreatment eDoctor ePatient