Surface markings and anatomy of abdomen and pelvis

Regions of anterior abdominal wall 1 hypochrondriac (r,l) 2 lumbar  (flank-r, l) 3 paraumbilical  4 Iliac (iliac fossa, r, l) 5 suprapubic (hypogastric 6 epigastric 7 left lateral line 8 transpyloric plane (L1) 9 subcostal plane 10 transtubercular plane (L5)

1 External oblique muscle of abdomen 2 Tendinous intersections of rectus abdominis

Organ

Surface marking

Spleen

9th, 10th and 11th on the left

Liver

From up of 10th rib to below the nipple. Not usually palpable below costal margin

Kidney

Upper pole is deep to 12th rib. Right kidney lies 2.5 cm lower than left

Aorta

Terminates at level of Iliac crest which is about L4

Pancreas

Neck lies at the level of transpyloric plane

Gall-bladder

Lies at tip of 9th costal cartilage where the lateral border of rectus abdominis cuts the costal margin

 

   
  Surface projection of some abdominal viscera: 1 liver 2 spleen 3 duodenum 4 left kidney 5 pancreas  
1 mons pubis 2 clitoris 3 labium majus 4 labium minus 5 introitus 6 anus 1 mons pubis 2 clitoris 3 labium majus 4 urethra 5 labium minus 6 introitus 7 vaginal mucosa 8 union of labia 1 hip 2 buttock 3 gluteal region 4 low back 5 anus 6 vulva

Right lung Left lung Heart Stomach Spleen Small intestine Pelvic corridor Kidney Kidney Sigmoid colon Cecum Appendix Penis Scrotum

1 shaft of penis 2 corona glandis 3 glans penis 4 root of penis 5 testis in scrotum 6 mons pubis 1. external oblique muscle of abdomen1 e Click to display

 

Surface areas by regions

Head and Neck

Abdomen

Chest

Upper Limb

Lower Limb

 

 

 

 

 

Cell biology
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Skin chemistry
Skin lines
Clinical exam
Biopsy

Plastic surgery
 

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