1 hypochrondriac (r,l) 2 lumbar  (flank-r, l)) 3 paraumbilical  4 Iliac (iliac fossa, r, l)) 5 suprapubic (hypogastric) 6 epigastric 7 left lateral line or midclavicular line 8 transpyloric plane (L1) 9 subcostal plane 10 transtubercular plane (L5)

Clinical anatomy
Surface anatomy
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Right iliac fossa

Clinical examination of the vermiform appendix

This region contains cecum, appendix, ascending colon

Pain/tenderness can be caused by appendicitis primarily and then volvulus, colonic cancer, pelvic abscess, abnormality of the right hip, urinary tract infection, right testicular cancer in cryptorchidism. In the female it includes torsion of ovarian cyst, salpingitis and ectopic pregnancy. It also includes Crohn's ileitis but EXCLUDES diverticulitis.

Mass in the right iliac fossa may be caused by appendix mass  or abscess, kidney mass, pelvic mass, Crohn's mass, tuberculous mass, intussusception and amebic mass

Roll over mouse


Palpate the right iliac fossa with the mouse to demonstrate appendix and cecum


Pain in the right iliac fossa of the abdomen may suggest any of the following




Cell biology



Gross anatomy

Lymphatic drainage

Organ integration
Clinical anatomy




Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology





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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti