Hypophyseal fossa Pituitary gland Pituitary divisions 1 Pituitary divisions 2 Pituitary assembler

 

 

 

Pituitary gland

 

Examination of pituitary gland is via Xray

umors of the anterior pituitary gland usually affects one of five types especially the adenomas (benign tumors). They include prolactinoma - mammotroph cell adenoma, corticotroph cell adenoma, thyrotroph cell adenoma, somatotroph cell adenoma, gonadotroph cell adenoma and thyrotroph cell adenoma. Functional tumors produce the hormones from their cells in large excess such as prolactinoma.

Hyperpituitary syndromes

  • Anterior pituitary adenomas

    • Hormonal positive adenomas

    • Hormone negative adenomas

Hypopituitarism syndromes

  • Pituitary gland extirpation

  • Pituitary apoplexy

  • Ischemic necrosis

    • Sheehan syndrome)

  • Empty sella syndrome

  • Genetic defect

  • Rathke cleft cyst

Posterior pituitary syndromes

Hypothalamic suprasellar tumors

 

 

 

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