Blood film  

Sickle cell anemia

This is a disease cause by defective HbS gene which then leads red cells to sickle. With the sickling comes the elimination of the red cells by the reticuloendothelial cells leading to hemolytic anemia and jaundice. The disease may be complicated by malaria, respiratory tract infection in addition to the common bone pain crises caused by blockage of blood vessels supplying the bones, autoinfarction of spleen and many other end organs leading to a plethora of symptoms and signs. Other crises includes acute sequestration crises and hyperhemolytic crisis.




Cell Biology


Organ integration




Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology/Hematology



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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti