Tumor of vascular tissue associated with infection with HIV. It is more common in homosexuals than heterosexuals. Neoplastic lesions are associated with herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8).
Varicella-zoster virus causes two conditions- chicken pox or varicella and shingles or herpes zoster. Varicella is mostly disease of children while shingles is a disease of adults. Shingles is a reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus from the dorsal root ganglia affecting a dermatome commoner from T3-L3. It may affect the trigeminal nerve. It is associated with Ramsy Hunt syndrome which is herpes zoster affecting the geniculate ganglion of facial nerve. It is more severe in immunocompromised patients such as those with AIDS and HIV infection.
Rash (skin spots) in a restricted part of the body; low grade fever; severe pain. Severe pain which preceds lesion by 48-72 hours.
Skin explanatory video
Structure of the skin
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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti