Blood Chemistry page

Ordinary tests- Normal values

Aceto-acetic acid (serum) Negative Creatine clearance (endogenous) (serum/plasma/urine Male: 123 16ml/min
Female: 97 10ml/min
Lactose tolerance
(serum)
Similar to glucose tolerance Sulfate, inorganic
(serum)
0.5-1.5mmols/L
0.9-6.0mg/dL as SO4
Acetone Qualitative
(serum)
 
0.2-1.0 mg/dl Cryoglobulins
(serum)
Negative Lead
(Whole blood)
0-50g/dL Sulfhemoglobin
(whole blood)
Negative
Acetone
qualitative (serum)
Negative Doriden (Glutethmide) (serum) 0 Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP)
(serum)
Male: 80-200 Goldbarg-Rutenburg units/ml
Female:75-185 Goldbarg-Rutenburg unis/ml
Sulfonamides Negative
Acetone
quantitative (serum)
0.3-2.0mg/dL Electrophoresis, protein (serum)
  % gm/dL
Albumin 52-65 3.2-5.6
α1 2.5-5.0 0.1-0.4
α2 7.0-13.0 0.4-1.2
8.0-14.0 0.5-1.6
γ 12.0-22.0 0.5-1.6
Lipase
(serum)
0-1.5 Cherry-Crandall
2 U/ml or less
Testosterone
(serum)
Male:400-1200ng/dl
Female:30-120ng/dl
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)
(plasma)
98 mEq/l Ethanol
(blood)
0.3-0.4% marked intoxication
0.4-0.5% alcoholic
stuport
0.5% or over, alcoholic coma
Lipids, total
(serum)
450-1000 mg/dL Thiocyanate
(serum)
Negative
Albumin,qualitative
(serum)
  Fats, neutral
(serum/plasma)
0-200mg/dL Lipids, cholesterol
(serum)
120-200mg/dL Thymol flocculation
(serum)
Up to 1+ in 24 hrs
Albumin,quantitative
(serum)
3.2-4.5 gm/dL(salt fractionation)
3.2-5.6 gm/dL (electrophoresis)
3.8-5.0 gm/dL
(dye binding)
Fatty acids, total
(serum)
9-15mM/L Lipids, triglycerides
(serum)
40-150mg/dL Thyroid hormone tests
(serum)
 
Alcohol
(serum/whole blood)
Negative Fatty acids, free
(plasma)
300-480M/L Lipids, phospholipids
(serum)
9-16mg/dL T4 (by column)
(serum)
As thyroxine As Iodine
5.-11.0g/dl 3.2-7.2g/dl
Aldolase
(serum)
Adults: 1.3-8.2U/dL
Children:App twice adult
Newborn: App 4x adult
Fibrinogen
(plasma)
200-400mg/dL Lipids, fatty acids
(serum)
190-420mg/dL T4 (by competitive binding Murphy-Pattee)
(serum)
As thyroxine As Iodine
5.-11.0g/dl 3.2-7.2g/dl
Alpha-amino acid nitrogen
(plasma)
3.0-5.5mg/100dL Fluoride
(whole blood)
<0.05mg/dL Lipids, neutral fat
(serum)
0-200mg/dL T4, Free
(serum)
As thyroxine As Iodine
0.9-2.3ng/dl 0.6-1.5ng/dl
δ-Aminolevulinic acid
(serum)
0.01-0.03mg/dL Folate
(serum/erythrocyte/whole blood)
Serum:5-25ng/ml (bioassay)
Erythrocytes:166-640ng/ml (bioassay)
Lipoprotein electrophoresis
(serum)
40-150mg/dL T3 (resin uptake)
(serum)
25-38 relative % uptake
Ammonia
(Blood)
80-110g/dL Galactose
(whole blood)
Adult: None
Children: <20mg/dL
Lithium
(serum)
Toxic level 2mmols/L
Therapeutic level:0.5-1.5mmols/L
Thyroxine-binding (TBG)
(serum)
15-25g/dL T4 uptake
Amylase
(serum)
4-25U/ml Gammaglobulin
(serum)
0.5-1.6gm/dL Long-acting thryoid stimulating hormone (LATS)
(serum)
None Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
(serum)

 
0.5-3.5U/ml
Arginosuccinic lyase
(serum)
0-4U/dl Gastrin
(Plasma)
0-200pg/ml Luteinizing hormone (LH)
(plasma)
Male:<11mlU/ml
Female:Midcycle peak>3 times base line value
Premenopausal
:<25mlU/ml
Postmenopausal:>25mlU/ml
GOT
(serum)
10-40U/ml
Arsenic
(Whole blood)
<3g/dL Globulins, total
(serum)
2.3-3.5gm/dL Macroglobulins, total
(serum)
70-430mg/dL GPT
(serum)
1-36 U/ml
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C-Plasma/whole blood) Plasma 0.6-1.6mg/dL
Whole blood 0.4-1.5mg/dL
Glucose (fasting)
(serum/plasma/whole blood)
60-100mg/dL Magnesium
(serum)
1.5-2.5mmols/L
        3.0mg/dL
Triglycerides
(serum)
10-190 mg/dl
Barbiturates
(Serum/plasma/whole blood)
Negative
Coma-phenobarbital app 10mg/dL; others 1-3
Glucose tolerance,oral
(serum/plasma)
Oral IV mg/dL

Fasting

 70-110

70-110

30/5 min for IV

30-60 above fasting)

Up to 250

60 min

20-50 above fasting)

(Significant decrease)

120 min

5-15 above fasting

Below 120

180 min

Fasting level or below

Fasting level

Methanol
(blood)
0 Urea nitrogen
(serum)
8-25mg/dL
Base excess
(whole blood)
Male-3.3-1.2
Female-2.4-2.3
Glucose tolerance,IV
(serum/plasma)
See above Methemoglobin
(whole blood)
0-0.24gm/dL
0.4-1.5% of total hemoglobin
Urea clearance
(serum/urine)
Maximum clerance 64-99ml/min
Standard clearance:41-65ml/min or moe than 75% of normal
Base, total
(Serum)
145-160mmols/L Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
(erythrocyte)
250-500 units/109 level
1200-2000mIU/ml of packed cells
Mucoprotein
(serum)
80-200mg/dL Uric acid
(serum)
3.0-7.0mg/dL
Bicarbonate
(Plasma)
21-28mmols/L γ-Glutamyl transpeptidase
(serum)
2-39U/L Nonprotein nitrogen
(NPN)
(serum/plasma)
20-35mg/dL Vitamin A
(serum)
0.15-0.6g/dL
Bile acids
(Serum)
0.3-3.0mg/dl Glutathione
(whole blood)
24-37 mg/dL 5'-nucleotidase
(serum)
0.3-3.2 Bodansky units Vitamin A tolerance
(serum)
Fasting:15-60g/dL
3hr or 6 hr after 5000units vita A/kg: 200-600g/dL
24 hr fasting values or slightly above
Bilirubin
(Serum)
Direct-Up to 0.4mg/dL
Total 0.7mg/dL;
Newborn total 1-12mg/dL
Growth hormone
(serum)
<10ng/ml Ornithine carbamyl transferase (OCT)
(serum)
8-20mlU/ml Vitamin B12
(serum)
Male:200-800pg/ml
Female:100-650pg/ml
Bromide
(Serum)
Toxic at 17mmols/L Haptoglobin
(serum)
100-200 mg/dL Osmolality
(serum)
280-295mOsm/L Unsaturated vitamin B12 binding capacity
(serum)
1000-2000pg/ml
BSP (sulfobromophthalein) 5mg/kg (Serum) <5% retention after 45 min Hemoglobin
serum/plasma
/whole blood)
Serum/plasma:Qualitative: negative
Quantitative:0.5-5.0mg/dL
Whole blood
Female: 12.0-16.0gm/dL
Male:13.5-18.0gm/dL
Oxygen, pressure (PO2)
(Whole blood/arterial)
95-100 mm Hg Vitamin C
(plasma)
0.6-1.6mg/dl
Calcitonin
(Plasma)
Undetectable Hemoglobin A2
(whole blood)
1.5-3.5% of total hemoglobin Oxygen, content (PO2)
(whole blood/arterial)
15-23 vol% Xylose absorption
(serum)
25-40mg/dL between 1 and 2 hr;max is app 10mg/dl in malabsorption.
Dose:Adult:25mg of D-xylose
Children:0.5gm/kg D-xylose
Calcium
(serum)
Ionized: 4.2-5.2mg/dL or 50-58% of total
Total:9.0-10.6mg/dL
4.5-5.3mmols/L
infants: 11-13mg/dL
α-Hydroxybutyric dehydrogenase
(serum)
140-350U/ml Oxygen, saturation
(whole blood,arterial)
96-100% Zinc (serum) 50-150g/dL
Carbon dioxide (CO2) content (all) 19-24mmols/L 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids
(plasma)
Male:7-19 g/dL
Female: 9-21g/dL
After 25 USP units of ACTH IM-35-55
g/dL
Parathyroid hormone
(plasma)
<10 l equiv/ml Zinc sulfate turbidity
(serum)
<12units
Carbon dioxide combining power (Plasma/serum) 24-30mmol/L Immunoglobulin G
(serum)
800-1600mg/dL pH
(whole blood,arterial)
7.35-7.45    
CO2 partial pressure (pCO2)
(whole blood)
35-40mm Hg Imunoglobulin A
(serum)
50-250mg/dL Phenylalanine
(serum)
Adults:0-2.0mg/dl
Newborns (term):1.2-3.5mg/dL
Male total:0.13-0.63 sigma U/ml
Female total:0.01-0.56 sigma U/ml
Prostatic:0-0.7 Fishman-Lerner U/dl
   
Carbonic acid
(Whole blood/plasma)
1.05-1.45 mM/L Immunoglobulin M
(serum)
40-120mg/dL Phosphatase, acid, total
(serum)
0-1.1 U/ml (Bodansky)
1-4 U/ml (King-Armstrong)
0.13-0.63 U/ml(Gutman-Gutman)
0-0.56U/ml (Roy)
0-6.0 U/ml (Shinowara
-Jones-Reinhart)
 
Carboxyhemoglobin (carbon monoxide hemoglobin)
(whole blood)
Nonsmokers <1.5% saturation of hemoglobin
Smokers:1.5-5%saturation
Heavy smokers:5.0-9.0% saturation

 
Immunoglobulin D
(serum
)
0.5-3.0mg/dL Phosphatase,alkaline,
(serum)
Adults:1.5-4.5 U/dl (Bodansky)
4-13 U/dl (King-Armstrong)
0.8-2.3 U/ml (Bessey-Lowry)
15-35 U/ml (Shinowara
-Jones-Reinhart)
Children: 5.0-14.0 U/dl (Bodansky)
3.4-9.0 U/dl (Bessey
-Lowry)
15-35 U/dl (King-Armstrong)
   
Carotene, beta
(serum)
40-200g/dL Immunoglobulin E
(serum)
0.01-0.04mg/dL Phospholipid phosphorus
(serum)
8-11 mg/dL  
Cephalin cholesterol flocculation (serum) Negative to 1+ after 24 hours 2+ or less after 48 hrs Insulin
(plasma)
11-240IU/ml (bioassay) Phospholipids
(serum)
150-380mg/dL    
Ceruloplasmin
(serum)
23-50mg/dL Insulin tolerance
(serum)
Fasting: Glucose of 70-110mg/dL
30min:Fall to 50% of fasting
90min: Fasting level
Phosphorus,inorganic
(serum)
Adults:1.8-2.6mmols/L
3.0-4.5mg/dL
Children:2.3-4.1mmols/L
4.0-7.0mg/dL
   
Chloride
(serum)
100-106mmols/L Iodine (Butanol extraction
(serum)
3.5-6.5g/dL Potassium
(plasma)
3.8-5.0mmols/L    
Cholesterol (total)
(serum)
150-250mg/dL (varies with diet and also age) Iodine (Protein bound-PBI)
(serum)
4.0-8.0g/dL Primidone (mysoline)
(serum)
4-12g/ml    
Cholesterol, esters
(serum)
65-75% of total cholesterol Iron, total
(serum)
50-150g/dL Prolactin
(serum)
2-15ng/ml    
Cholinesterase
(erythrocytes)
065-1.00 pH units Iron-binding capacity
(serum)
250-410g/dL Proteins, total
(serum)
6.0-8.4gm/dL    
Pseudocholinesterase
(plasma)
0.5-1.3 pH units; 8-18IU/L at 37oC Iron saturation, percent
(serum)
20-55% Proteins, albumin
(serum)
3.5-5.0gm/dL    
Citric acid
(serum/plasma)
1.7-3.0mg/dL Isocitric dehydrogenase
(serum)
50-250U/ml Proteins, globulin
(serum)
2..3-3.5gm/dL    
Congo red test
(serum/plasma)
>60% after 1 hr Ketone bodies
(serum)
Negative Protein fractionation
(serum)
     
Copper
(serum/plasma)
100-200 g/dL 17-ketosteroids
(plasma)
25-125g/dL Protoporphyrin
(erythrocytes)
15-50g/dL    
Cortisol
(plasma)
8 A.M:5-25g/dL
8 P.M:<10ml/min
Lactic acid
(blood)
0.6-1.8mmols/L Pyruvate
(whole blood)
0.3-0.9mg/dL    
Creatine
(serum/plasma)
0.6-1.2mg/dL Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) 80-120 Wacker units
150-450 Wroblewski units
71-207 IU/L
Renin activity
(plasma)
Supine: 1.10.8ng/ml/hr
Upright:1.91.7ng/ml/hr
Supine:2.7 1.8ng/ml/hr
Upright:6.6 2.5mg/ml/hr
Diuretics:10.0 3.7ng/nl/hr
   
Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) (serum) Males:5-55mU/ml
Females:5-35mU/ml
Lactic dehydrogenase
isoenzymes

(serum)
Anode:LDH1 17-27%
           LDH2 27-37%
           LDH3  18-25%
           LDH4  3-8%
Cathode: LDH5  0-5%
Salicylates
(serum)
Negative
Therapeutic level:20-25mg/dL
   
Creatinine
(serum/plasma)
0.6-1.2mg/dL Lactic dehydrogenase (heat stable)
(serum)
60-120 U/ml Sodium
(plasma)
136-142mmols/L    

 

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti