Urine

 

Urine is produced from the kidneys and stored in the urinary bladder. It is then voided via the urethra.  Its color is amber yellow which is derived from a compound of urobilin and urobilinogen and a peptide. It also contains traces of the following compounds which affects its color

  • Urocrythrin

  • Coproporphyrin

  • Uroporphyrin.

Urine has a pH range of 4.8-7. Its specific gravity is about 1.008-1.030

Chemical composition of urine consists of the following

  • Water

  • Inorganic salts such as Na+, K+, Ca++, Mg++, Zn++, Fe++, Cu++, Zn++. It also includes Cl-, PO3+ and minimal amounts of NO32-, F-, and HCO3-

  • Nitrogenous compound such as nitrogenous organic compounds such as urea, creatine, hippuric acid, indican, uric acid and creatine. It also includes purines, peptides and amino acids.

  • Non nitrogenous organic compounds such as glucose, cholesterol, glucuronic acid, ketone bodies, oxalates, citric aconitic, alpha ketoglutaric acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid and malic acid. It also includes organic sulphur compounds.

 

 

 


Introduction

Cell biology
Histology
Embryology
Gross Anatomy
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Quiz

Dissector

Physiology

Biochemistry

Pharmacology

Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology

Pharmacology

Imaging

Medicine

Surgery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main Subject Course Links

Anatomy Anesthesia Biochemistry Chemical pathology Community Health
Dermatology ENT Gynecology Hematology Imaging
Medicine Medical microbiology Obstetrics Ophthalmology Pathology
Pediatrics Pharmacology Physiology Psychiatry    Surgery/Orthopedics
eLab eOSCE eProcedures eInvestigations eSchool/
eOrgans eLocator Anatomy Museum eDissector eFractures
All diseases eClerking eTreatment eDoctor ePatient

 

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti