Monosaccharide
 

 

This is the simplest of sugar with only a single molecule. If it is pure sugar without a ketone group, its name ends with -ose. If it has a ketone group it ends with -ulose. For example fructose is also called levulose because it contains a ketone group. Deoxy sugar are also monosaccharides and it includes deoxyribose found in DNA molecule  and rhamnose. Glucose and fructose are hexoses with 6 carbon molecules and sedoheptulose is a heptose (7) , glyceraldehyde is a triose with only 3 carbons, erythrose a tetrose (4), and ribose and ribulose both pentoses with 5 carbons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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