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Index page on brain

Neurocytology

  Neuron

  Cell body

  Axon

  Mitochondrion

  Golgi apparatus

  Endoplasmic reticulum

  Neurofilament

  Neurotubule

  Nucleus

  Nissl substance

  Lysosome

Neuroglia

  Microglia

  Macroglia

  Paraneuron

   Schwann cell

Nervous tissue

Neuron doctrine

Neuronal classification

Apolar neuron

Unipolar neuron

Bipolar neuron

Pseudounipolar neuron

Multipolar neuron

Sensory neuron

Motor neuron

Dendrite

Bouton terminaux

Myelinization

Receptor

   Introceptors

      Proprioceptor

   Exteroceptors

      Mechanoceptor

      Meissner's corpuscle

      Paccinian corpuscle

    Photoreceptor

       Rods

       Cones

    Nociceptors

       Free nerve ending

Synapse

Neuromuscular junction

 

Peripheral nervous system

Fiber components

Special somatic afferent (SSA)

Special visceral afferent (SVA)

Special visceral efferent (SVE)

General somatic afferent (GSA)

General somatic efferent (GSE)

General visceral afferent (GVA)

General visceral efferent (GVE)

Abdominal aortic plexus

Abducens (VI)

Accessory (XI)

Accessory obturator

Ansa subclavia

Anterior ethmoidal

Anterior interosseous nerve

Anterior pulmonary plexus

Anterior superior alveolar

Anterior trunk  of mandibular n

Anterior vagus nerve

Aorticorenal ganglion

Atrial plexus

Auricular branch of X

Auricular branch of posterior auricular n

Auriculotemporal

Axillary

Brachial plexus

Buccal

Buccal

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

C7

C8

Cardiac branches of cervicothoracic ganglion

Cardiac ganglion

Carotid body nerve

Carotid body plexus

Carotid sinus nerve

Celiac branch of X

Celiac ganglion

Celiac ganglion

Celiac plexus

Central nervous system

Cervical branch of facial nerve

Cervical cardiac branch of X

Cervical nerves

Cervical plexus

Cervical sympathetic trunk & ganglia

Cervicothoracic ganglion

Chorda tympani

Ciliary, long

Ciliary ganglion

Co1

Coccygeal plexus

Cochlear

Common digital

Common peroneal

Cutaneous branch of facial n

Cystic plexus

Deep branch of lateral plantar n

Deep branch of radial nerve

Deep branch of ulnar nerve

Deep cardiac plexus

Deep peroneal

Deep petrosal

Deep temporal

Digastric branch of VII

Dorsal branch of ulnar nerve

Dorsal digital branch of radial n

Dorsal nerve of penis/clitoris

Dorsal scapular

Esophageal branch of X

Esophageal plexus

External laryngeal

External nasal

External petrosal

Facial (VII)

Femoral

Femoral branch of genitofemoral n

Frontal

Ganglion

Ganglion impar

Ganglionic

Gastric branch of posterior X

Gastric branch of X

Genital branch of genitofemoral n

Genitofemoral

Glossopharyngeal (IX)

Greater cavernous nerves

Greater palatine

Greater petrosal

Greater splanchnic nerve

Grey ramus communicans

Hepatic branch of X

Hepatic plexus

Hypoglossal (XII)

Iliohypogastric

Ilioinguinal

Incisive

Inferior alveolar

Inferior caroticotympanic nerve

Inferior cervical ganglion

Inferior gluteal

Inferior hypogastric plexus

Inferior mesenteric ganglion

Inferior mesenteric plexus

Inferior ramus of III

Inferior rectal

Inferior root of ansa cervicalis

Infraorbital

Infratrochlear

Intercostal

Intercostobrachial

Intermediate cutaneous of thigh

Internal carotid nerve

Internal carotid plexus

Internal laryngeal

Internal nasal

Jugular nerve

L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

Lacrimal

Laryngopharyngeal branch of superior cervical ganglion

Lateral cord of brachial plexus

Lateral cutaneous of calf

Lateral cutaneous of thigh

Lateral pectoral

Lateral plantar

Lateral posterior superior nasal

Least splanchnic nerve

Left branch of anterior vagus

Left cardiac branch of superior cervical ganglion

Left coronary plexus

Left gastric plexus

Left recurrent laryngeal

Lesser cavernous nerve

Lesser palatine

Lesser petrosal

Lesser splanchnic nerve

Lingual

Lingual branch of IX

Long ciliary 

Lower lateral cutaneous of arm

Lower subscapular

Lumbar plexus

Lumbar splanchnic nerve

Lumbar sympathetic trunk & ganglia

Mandibular

Marginal mandibular

Masseter

Maxillary

Medial calcaneal branch of sural n

Medial cord of brachial plexus

Medial cutaneous of forearm

Medial cutaneous of thigh

Medial cutaneous  of arm

Medial pectoral

Medial plantar

Medial posterior superior nasal

Median

Meningeal

Meningeal

Meningeal branch of IX

Meningeal branch of XII

Mental

Middle cervical ganglion

Middle superior alveolar

  Middle rectal plexus

  Musculocutaneous

  Mylohyoid

Nasal branches of pterygopalatine ganglion

Nasociliary

Nasopalatine

Nerve of pterygoid canal

Nerve to geniohyoid

Nerve to lateral pterygoid

Nerve to medial  pterygoid

Nerve to obturator internus

Nerve to piriformis

Nerve to quadratus femoris

Nerve to stapedius

Nerve to stylopharyngeus

Nerve to thyrohyoid

Nerve to urethral bulb

Nervus intermedius

Obturator

Occipital branch of posterior auricular

Oculomotor (III)

Olfactory (I)

Ophthalmic

Optic (II)

Otic ganglion

Ovarian plexus

Palatine branches of pterygopalatine ganglion

Palmar cutaneous branch of median

Palmar cutaneous of ulnar nerve

Palmar digital branch of median

Paracervical ganglion

Pelvic splanchnic

Pelvic sympathetic trunk & ganglia

Perforating cutaneous

Perineal

Peripheral nervous system

Peroneal communicating

Pharyngeal branch of glossopharyngeal

Pharyngeal branch of X

Pharyngeal plexus

Phrenic plexus

Posterior auricular

Posterior cord of brachial plexus

Posterior cutaneous of arm

Posterior cutaneous of arm

Posterior ethmoidal

Posterior femoral cutaneous

Posterior inferior nasal

Posterior interosseous

Posterior pulmonary branches of X

Posterior pulmonary plexus

Posterior scrotal nerve

Posterior superior alveolar

Posterior trunk of mandibular n

Posterior vagus

Posterior vagus nerve

Proper digital

Proper digital branches of lateral plantar n

Proper dorsal digital nerve of foot

Prostatic plexus

Pseudounipolar neurons

Pterygopalatine ganglion

Pudendal

Pulmonary branch of X

Radial

Ramus lingualis vagi

Renal branch of X

Renal plexus

Right branch of anterior vagus

Right cardiac branches of middle cervical ganglion

Right coronary plexus

Right recurrent laryngeal

Root of nerve

S1

S2

S3

S4

S5

Sacral plexus

Saphenous  

Sciatic

Short ciliary nerve

Splanchnic ganglion

Splenic plexus

Stylohyoid branch of VII

Subcostal

Submandibular ganglion

Superficial  branch of lateral plantar n

Superficial branch of radial nerve

Superficial peroneal

Superficial terminal branch of ulnar nerve

Superficial  cardiac plexus

Superior caroticotympanic nerve

Superior cervical ganglion

Superior gluteal

Superior hypogastric plexus

Superior layrngeal branch of X

Superior mesenteric ganglion

Superior mesenteric plexus

Superior ramus of III

Superior rectal plexus

Superior renal plexus

Superior root of ansa cervicalis

Supraorbital

Supraclavicular nerve

Suprascapular

Supratrochlear

Sural

Sympathetic trunk and ganglia

T1

T10

T11

T12

T2

T3

T4

T5

T6

T7

T8

T9

Temporal

Testicular plexus

Testicular plexus

Thoracic aortic plexus

Thoracic sympathetic trunk & ganglia

Thoracodorsal

Thyroid branches of middle cervical ganglion

  Tibial

  Tonsillar branch of IX

Tonsillar plexus

Trigeminal (V)

Trochlear (IV)

Tubal nerves

Tympanic

Tympanic plexus

Ulnar

Upper lateral cutaneous of arm

Upper subscapular

Ureteric plexus

Uterine cervical ganglion

Uterine nerves

Uterovaginal plexus

Vaginal nerves

Vagus

Vertebral ganglion

Vesical plexus

Vestibular

Vestibulocochlear

White ramus communicans

Zygomatic

Zygomatic

Zygomaticofacial

Zygomaticotemporal

Central Nervous system

Atlas of MRI coronal scan

Atlas of CT scan

Spinal cord

Spinal cord morphology

   Spinal cord cervical

   Spinal cord thoracic

   Spinal cord lumbar

   Spinal cord sacral

  Meninges

     Dura mater

     Arachnoid mater

     Pia mater

      Leptomeninges

     Pachymeninges

  Subarachnoid space

  Cistern

   Epidural space

   Subdural space

  Conus medullaris

  Coccygeal ligament

  Filum terminale

   Filum terminale internum

   Filum terminale externum

  Cauda equina

  Epidural space

  Ligamentum denticulatum

   Dorsal root ganglion

  White matter

      Fasciculus proprius

      White commissure

Posterior column tracts

  Fasciculus cuneatus

  Fasciculus gracilis

   Posterior spinocerebellar tract

Lateral column tracts

  Lateral spinothalamic tract (ascending)

  Lateral corticospinal tract (descending)

Anterior column tracts

  Anterior spinocerebellar tract

  Anterior corticospinal tract

  Anterior spinothalamic tract

Other ascending tracts

  Spinocortical tract

  Spinovestibular tract

  Spino-olivary tract

  Spinopontine tract

  Spinotectal tract

Other descending tracts

  Anterior corticospinal tract

  Anterolateral corticospinal tract

  Tectospinal tract

  Olivospinal tract

  Vestibulospinal tract

  Rubrospinal tract

  Reticulospinal tract

Grey matter

Central grey matter

   Posterior horn

      Column of Clarke

      Nucleus posteromarginalis

      Substantia gelatinosa

   Anterior horn

      Nucleus motorius lateralis

      Nucleus motorius medialis

   Intermediate horn

      Intermediolateral horn

      Intermediomedial horn

Central canal

Spinal canal

Vertebral canal

Epidural space

Spinal nerve

Preganglionic neuron

Postganglionic neuron

 

Brain

   Brain topography

      Side of brain

      Front of brain

      Back of brain

      Top of brain

      Base of brain

   Operculum

Brainstem

Medulla

Closed medulla

  Tuberculum gracilis

  Nucleus gracilis

  Tuberculum cuneatus

   Nucleus cuneatus

   Accessory cuneate nucleus

    Internal arcuate fibers

   Pyramid

   Rhomboid fossa

   Olive

   Inferior olivary nuclear complex

   Medullary reticular formation

       Nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis

   Pyramidal tract

Open medulla

  Fourth ventricle

  Hypoglossal trigone

  Hypoglossal nucleus

  Hypoglossal nucleus

  Inferior medullary velum

  Tela choroidea

  Tractus solitarius

  Nucleus of tractus solitarius

  Vagal trigone

  Rhomboid fossa

  Median sulcus

  Accessory nerve root

  Vagal nucleus

  Nucleus ambiguus

  Dorsal nucleus of vagus

  Inferior salivatory nucleus

  Glossopharyngeal root

  Glossopharyngeal functional components

  Vestibular nuclei

  Cochlear nuclei

  Spinal nucleus and tract of V

   Calamus scriptorius

   Obex

   Area postrema

Pons

  Corticopontocerebellar tract

  Basis pontis

  Pontine tegmentum

     Nuclear groups of cranial nerves

     Cranial nerve root/nuclei of pons

     Pontine reticular formation

        Nucleus reticularis pontis pars oralis

        Nucleus reticularis pontis pars caudalis

        Nucleus reticularis pontis pars interpolaris

   Vestibular area

  Vestibular nucleus

  Facial colliculus

  Internal genu of the facial nerve

  Tuberculum acousticum

  Abducent nucleus

   Parabducent nucleus

  Facial nerve in pons

     Facial nucleus

  Trigeminal nerve in pons   

      Sensory (pontine) nucleus of V

     Motor nucleus of V

      Spinal nucleus of V

       Mesencephalic of V

  Trapezoid body

  Superior olive

  Medial lemniscus

  Lateral lemniscus

  Medial longitudinal fasciculus

  Nucleus reticularis pedunculopontinus

  Isthmus rhombencephali

     Locus ceruleus

  Superior medullary velum

Midbrain

  Crus cerebri

   Midbrain tectum

   Superior colliculus

   Cerebral peduncle

Mesencephalon

Brachium of superior colliculus

   Inferior colliculus

Brachium of inferior colliculus

   Midbrain tegmentum

   Midbrain reticular formation

  Substantia nigra

  Red nucleus

  Habenulo-interpeduncular tract
  (fasciculus retroflexus)

  Oculomotor nucleus

  Accessory oculomotor nucleus

  Edinger-Wesphal nucleus

  Trochlear nerves

  Pretectal area

  Cerebral aqueduct

Prosencephalon (forebrain)

Diencephalon

  Thalamus

     Massa intermedia

     Medial geniculate body

     Lateral geniculate body

     Pulvinar

       Ventral posterolateral nucleus

       Ventral posteromedian nucleus

       Thalamic radiation

       Trigeminothalamic tract

  Epithalamus

     Pineal body

     Epithelial roof of 3rd ventricle

     Habenular  trigone

     Striae medullares thalami

  Hypothalamus

     Mammillary body

     Infundibulum

     Tuber cinereum

     Preoptic area

     Posterior commissure

  Subthalamus

 3rd ventricle

Brain hemispheres

   Cerebellum hemispheres/cerebellum

      Cerebellar internal organization

    Cerebellar connexions

      Cerebellar diseases

      Cerebellar ataxia

      Cerebellar peduncles

         Superior cerebellar peduncle

         Middle cerebellar peduncle

         Inferior cerebellar peduncle

      Fastigium

Cerebral hemispheres

Prosencephalon (forebrain)

    Telencephalon

       Basal ganglia

       Basal ganglia clinical

         Corpus striatum

            Caudate nucleus

            Lentiform nucleus

               Putamen

              Globus pallidus

         Amygdaloid nuclear complex

            Kluver-Bucy syndrome

         Internal capsule

         Extreme capsule

         Claustrum

         External capsule

Striatum

Striatal tracts

   Nigrostriatal tract

   Thalamostriatal tract

   Pallidostriatal tract

   Strionigral tract

   Striopallidal tract

   Wilson's pencil

   Archistriatum

   Paleostriatum

   Neostriatum

Pallidum

Pallidal tracts

  Subthalamopallidal tract

  Ansa lenticularis

  Lenticular fasciculus

  Subthalamic fasciculus

  Thalamic fasciculus

  Pallidotegmental fasciculus

Cerebral cortex

     Cerebellopontine angle

     Cranial nerves

     Precentral sulcus

     Precentral gyrus

     Central suclus

     Post central sulcus

     Post central gyrus

     Lateral sulcus

     Neocortex

     Paleocortex

        Olfactory pathway

        Smell types

     Archicortex

        Fasciolar gyrus

        Indusium griseum

        Hippocampal formation

        Dentate gyrus

     Corona radiata

     Medial forebrain bundle

   Temporal lobe

       Superior temporal gyrus

       Middle temporal gyrus

       Inferior temporal gyrus

       Transverse temporal gyrus

       Fusiform gyrus

   Parietal lobe

     Supramarginal gyrus

     Angular gyrus

     Post central gyrus

     Post central sulcus

     Somesthetic pathway

        Sensation

        Sensory organs

        Sensory cortex

  Occipital lobe

     Occipital pole

     Lingual gyrus

     Parieto-occipital sulcus

     Calcarine sulcus

  Frontal lobe

     Frontal pole

     Motor area

     Gyrus rectus

     Prefrontal gyrus

     Speech area

     Precentral sulcus

  Insular lobe

     Gyrus limen insula

     Long angular gyrus

     Short angular gyrus

   Pyramidal system

     Upper motor neuron

     Lower motor neuron

   Limbic system 

      Limbic lobe

      Mechanism of limbic system

   Dopamine system

   Reticular formation

    Agnosia

    Apraxia

       Constructional apraxia

       Ideational apraxia

       Ideomotor apraxia

       Kinetic apraxia

    Aphasia

Corpus callosum

Descending tracts

Corticothalamic

Corticopontocerebellar

Corticobulbar

Corticofugal

Corticoreticular

Corticopontine

   Extrapyramidal system

  Cingulate gyrus

  Parahippocampal gyrus

  Nucleus accumbiens septi

  Septum pellucidum

   Fornix

   Fimbria

   Ventricles

   Interventricular foramen of Monroe

   Choroid plexus

   Optic pathway

   Optic chiasm

   Interpeduncular fossa

   Anterior commissure

MRI of normal brain

Blood supply to brain

Arterial circle of Willis

   Anterior communicating artery

   Posterior communicating artery

   Proximal part of anterior cerebral artery

   Proximal part of middle cerebral artery

   Proximal part of posterior cerebral artery

   Central/ganglionic branches

      Anterolateral group

      Anteromedial group

      Posterolateral group

         Thalamogeniculate arteries

      Posteromedial group

         Thalamoperforating arteries

      Anterior choroidal artery

      Posterior choroidal artery

         Medial posterior choroidal arteries

         Lateral posterior choroidal arteries

Anterior cerebral artery

   Central branches

   Medial striate artery

   Orbital branches

   Frontopolar artery

   Callosomarginal artery

   Pericallosal artery

Middle cerebral artery

   Central branches

   Cortical branches

      Frontal rami

      Parietal rami

      Temporal rami

   Lateral striate arteries

      Artery of cerebral hemorrhage

   Lenticulostriate artery

   Anterior temporal artery

   Orbitofrontal artery

   Prerolandic artery

   Rolandic artery

   Posterior parietal artery

   Posterior temporal artery

Vertebral artery  

   Posterior spinal artery

   Anterior spinal artery

   Posterior inferior cerebellar artery

   Posterior meningeal artery

   Bulbar/medullary branches

   Basilar artery

      Anterior inferior cerebellar arteries

      Labyrinthine arteries

      Pontine rami

      Superior cerebellar arteries

      Posterior cerebral artery  

         Internal occipital artery

            Parieto-occipital artery

            Calcarine artery

         Posterior temporal artery

         Anterior temporal artery

         Quadrigeminal artery

   Middle meningeal artery

   Anterior meningeal rami of middle meningeal artery

   Accessory meningeal artery

   Meningeal branches of internal carotid artery

   Meningeal branches of ascending pharyngeal artery

   Meningeal branches of occipital artery

   Posterior meningeal artery

   Recurrent meningeal branch of lacrimal artery

   Falciate arteries

Dural venous sinuses

   Frontal sinus

   Superior sagittal sinus

   Inferior sagittal sinus

   Rectus sinus

   Transverse sinus

   Inferior petrosal sinus

   Superior petrosal sinus

   Circular sinus

   Basilar venous plexus

   Sphenoparietal sinus

Cerebral veins

Superficial cerebral veins

   Superior cerebral veins

   Inferior cerebral veins

   Superficial middle cerebral veins

      Great anastomotic vein

      Posterior anastomotic vein

Deep cerebral veins

    Deep middle cerebral vein

   Thalamostriate veins

   Transverse caudate veins

   Superior striate veins

   Inferior striate veins

   Choroidal vein

   Septal vein

   Epithalamic vein

   Lateral ventricular vein

   Great ventricular vein

   Basal vein

   Occipital vein

Autonomic nervous system

Parasympathetic system

  Ansa subclavia

  Anterior pulmonary plexus

  Anterior vagus nerve

  Auricular branch of X

  Carotid body nerve

  Carotid body plexus

  Celiac branch of X

  Cervical cardiac branch of X

  Esophageal branch of X

  Esophageal plexus

  External laryngeal

  Gastric branch of posterior X

  Gastric branch of X

  Hepatic branch of X

  Internal laryngeal

  Left branch of anterior vagus

  Left recurrent laryngeal

  Pelvic splanchnic nerves

  Pharyngeal branch of X

  Pharyngeal plexus

  Posterior pulmonary branches of X

  Posterior pulmonary plexus

  Posterior vagus

  Posterior vagus nerve

  Pulmonary branch of X

  Ramus lingualis vagi

  Renal branch of X

  Right branch of anterior vagus

  Right recurrent laryngeal

  Superior laryngeal branch of X

  Tonsillar plexus

  Ciliary ganglion

  Pterygopalantine ganglion

  Submandibular ganglion

  Otic ganglion

Sympathetic system

  Cardiac branches of cervicothoracic ganglion

  Cardiac ganglion

  Cervical sympathetic trunk & ganglia

  Cervicothoracic ganglion

  Ganglion impar

  Greater cavernous nerves

  Grey ramus communicans

  Inferior caroticotympanic nerve

  Inferior cervical ganglion

  Inferior mesenteric ganglion

  Internal carotid nerve

  Internal carotid plexus

  Jugular nerve

  Laryngopharyngeal branch of superior cervical ganglion

  Left cardiac branch of superior cervical ganglion

  Lesser cavernous nerve

  Lumbar sympathetic trunk & ganglia

  Middle cervical ganglion

  Paracervical ganglion

  Pelvic sympathetic trunk & ganglia

  Right cardiac branches of middle cervical ganglion

  Splanchnic ganglion

  Superior caroticotympanic nerve

  Superior cervical ganglion

  Superior mesenteric ganglion

  Sympathetic trunk and ganglia

  Thoracic sympathetic trunk & ganglia

  Thyroid branches of middle cervical ganglion

  Vertebral ganglion

  White ramus communicans

 


Short brain movie



 

 

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