Cerebral cortex
 

 
Brain development video   Interactive video text

The hippocampal ridge forms the lowest and most primitive part of the cortex, which is called the archicortex. It develops into the following parts

The next to the archicortex phylogenetically also develops next to the archicortex. This is the paleocortex, which is the smell brain. The largest, newest and the last to develop fully is the neocortex, which forms the 6 cytoarchitectonic areas. It also leads to the formation of the 4 cortical areas such as the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe and occipital lobe.  Also the massive fibers, which connect to the lower most parts of the neuraxis, are formed from the alar lamina of the telencephalon. These fibers include the corpus callosum and the internal capsule, which helps to striate the corpus striatum.
 

   

 

  

Oluwole Ogunranti 

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