Thyroid gland

 

Chemical pathology

  • Basal metabolic rate

  • Serum cholesterol

  • Radioactive iodine

  • Butanol-extractable iodine (BEI)

  • Serum thyroxine (T4) determination

  • Serum triiodothyronine (T3) determination

  • Free thyroxine

  • Free thyroxine index

  • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

  • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression test

  • Thyroid release hormone stimulation test

  • Antithyroglobulin antibody

  • Long acting thyroid stimulator (LATS)

Chemical test which may indicate non-specific thyroid abnormalities

  • Plasma cholesterol: a little high in hypothyroidism

  • Serum prolactin- high in hypothyroidism

  • Plasma sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is low in hypothyroidism

  • Serum sodium which may be low in hypothyroidism

  • Plasma creatine kinase activity is high in hypothyroidism

  • Liver functions tests  may be abnormal in hypothyroidism

  • Renal function tests may be abnormal in hypothyroidism

Imaging

  • Thyroid scan

  • CT scan

  • MRI scan

  • PET scan

  • Ultrasound

 

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