Heart

 

Chemical pathology

 

Cardiac enzymes

SGOT

Lactic dehydrogenase

Creatinine phosphokinase

 

Electrolytes and urea

Plasma sodium

Plasma potassium

Plasma chloride

Plasma bicarbonate

Blood urea

 

Others

Blood lipids

Blood glucose

Glucose tolerance test

Plasma fibrinogen

Plasma HDL cholesterol

Plasma cholesterol

Plasma triglyceride

Plasma lipoprotein (a)

Plasma homocysteine

Plasma his-CRP

Plasma atrionatiuretic peptide (ANP)

Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)

Plasma C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP)

Antistreptolysin-O (ASO) titer [streptococcal pharyngitis with rheumatic carditis]

VDRL [syphilitic heart disease]

 

 

Hypertensive treatment monitors

Uric acid

Glucose

Sodium

Potassium

Plasma renin

Plasma aldosterone

Serum creatinine

Serum magnesium

 

Arterial blood gases

  • pH

  • PO2

  • O2 saturation

  • PCO2

  • HCO3

  • Base excess

 

Urine

  • 24hour urine volume [heart failure]

  • Red cells in urine [infective endocarditis; kidney embolism]

  • Protein in urine [heart failure, constrictive pericarditis, tricuspid insufficiency, nephrotic syndrome]

  • Myoglobin in urine [myocardial infarction]

 

Hematology

  • Complete blood count [anemia causing heart failure etc]

  • White blood cell count and differential [myocardial infarction, Dressler's syndrome]

  • Sedimentation rate

  • Prothombin time [clotting problems]

 

Microbiology

  • Blood culture [infective endocarditis]

Other studies

  • Electrocardiography

    • Resting

    • Ambulatory

    • Exercise

  • Vectorcardography

  • Cardiac series [barium swallow outlining esophagus]

  • Carbon dioxide injection

  • Cardiac fluoroscopy

 

Miscellaneous non invasive

 

  • Echocardiography

  • Phonocardiography

  • Carotid pulse tracing

  • Jugular pulse tracing

  • Apex cardiography

  • Nuclear cardiology

  • Lung scanning

  • Nuclear angiocardiogram

  • Myocardial scanning

Invasive

  • Cardiac catheterization

  • Intracardiac electrocardiography

  • Selective coronary arteriography

  • Pericardioscentesis

Physiology

 

Imaging

Biopsy

  • Cardiac biopsy

 

Cell biology

Embryology

Histology

Gross anatomy

Lymphatic drainage

Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Quiz

 

Dissector
Physiology

Biochemistry

Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology

Pharmacology

Imaging

Medicine

Surgery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti