Temperature

 

This is the measurement of the amount of heat in the body. It varies from 36-37.5oC when measurement is made of the core temperature. Core temperature is the temperature of the deep tissues of the body. Skin temperature is the temperature of the skin and it varies with the temperature of the environment, while core temperature remains constant most of the time. The balance between heat loss and heat gain is the body heat or temperature. The metabolic rate of the body which is the rate of heat production is influenced by muscle activity, basal rate of metabolism of cells and extra metabolism caused by chemical activity of cells, and those needed for digestion, absorption and storage of food. Also extra metabolism caused by effect of epinephrine and norepinephrine contribute.

The hypothalamus is known to maintain core body temperature in the normal subject which is 37.2oC at 6 am and 37.7 oC at 6pm.

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Hypothermia

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Hyperthermia

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Fever

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Pyrexia of unknown origin

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Hypothalamic regulation of temperature

 

 

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