Dyspnea

 

Breathlessness as a result of respiratory insufficiency or obstruction to respiratory tract which may also precipitate respiratory insufficiency. This includes difficult and labored breathing. It is exacerbated by exertion and classification follows the NYHA classification

Causes

Cardiac

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Ischemic heart disease

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Mitral stenosis

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Heart failure causing

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Orthopnea

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Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

Pulmonary

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Chronic obstructive lung disease

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Asthma

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Chronic bronchitis

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Emphysema

Chest wall

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Pleura

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Pleuritis/pleurisy

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Muscle

Others

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Shock

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Metabolic acidosis

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Anemia

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Hyperventilation causing respiratory alkalosis and leading to
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Peripheral paresthesias

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Perioral paresthesia

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Hypocalcemia

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Carpopedal spasm

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

              

 
Air hunger from treatment of late Lyme disease and babesiosis- Herxheimer reaction


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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