Female reproductive copulatory organ. It receives semen during sexual intercourse.

Arteries of vagina


Uterine vessels


Ovarian vessels


Vaginal artery


Middle rectal artery


Azygos artery of vagina

The veins are of the same names and accompany the arteries. They form the same longitudinal anastomoses. This is why vaginal smears can determine the cyclicity of the ovary  or any of the other reproductive organs unless of course there is an artificial blockage or natural one (e.g. thrombotic infection etc) of the longitudinal anastomoses.


Uterine veins


Ovarian veins


Vaginal veins


Middle rectal veins


Azygos veins of the vagina


Nerves of the vagina

Vaginal nerves arise from uterovaginal plexus and from the inferior hypogastric plexus.  The transudation of fluid across the vaginal wall, which accompanies female arousal may be the same nervous mechanism which causes erection of clitoris and penis and from the parasympathetic system- nervi erigentes of the S2-4 sacral outflow.  The mechanism itself may be due to the vasodilation of the blood vessels around the vagina, causing transudation of fluid. These fibers include of course sensory ones that help to carry tactile sensation into the parasympathetic and sympathetic systems for general arousal.  But the motor function of sexual climax in which the bulbospongiosus goes into rhythmic contractions, is due to  inferior hypogastric plexus. In the male, this function is (ejaculation) is mediated via the superior hypogastric plexus. In both sexes, it is sympathetic wholly. As a matter of fact,  pacemaker is used to stimulate the superior hypogastric plexus in paraplegics in order to cause ejaculation.

More on vagina






Vaginal examination requires the fingers to pass through the vestibule to the introitus and then the vaginal tube, where the walls are felt through the palpating fingers. It may also be accessed bimanually with the other hand on the anterior abdominal wall.

See more on vaginal examination

Topography 1 Topography 2 Wall Canal Introitus
Fornices Function 1 Function 2 Examination Speculum


There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

Pelvis female video          Layers of pelvis links       Electronic dissector    Structure locator

Roll over mouse to label






DIGITAL LOCATOR OF VAGINA FROM BELOW (PELVIS): Layer 1, layer of skin of female pelvis. Layer 2, layer of pelvic fascia. Layer 3 layer of greater pelvis, Layer 4, layer of lesser pelvis. Roll over mouse to label; click to display page. Then click blinking end page to display vagina page. Vagina is localised at layer 4. Vagina at layer 4 of female pelvis




Cell biology

Gross anatomy
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Clinical examination




Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology





Main Subject Course Links

eAnatomy eAnesthesia eBiochemistry eChemical pathology eCommunity Health
eDermatology eENT eGynecology eHematology eImaging
eMedicine eMedical microbiology eObstetrics eOphthalmology ePathology
ePediatrics ePharmacology ePhysiology ePsychiatry    eSurgery/eOrthopedics
eLab eOSCE eProcedures eInvestigations eSchool/Videopage
eOrgans eLocator Anatomy Museum eDissector eFractures/Dissect-it-yourself
All diseases eClerking eTreatment eDoctor ePatient