Also called the hypophysis cerebri, this is an endocrine gland which has intimate connection with the hypothalamus and is divided into two parts called
It lies on the postero-superior aspect of the body of the sphenoid with sphenoid air cells below it. It also lies below the optic chiasm and in the hypophyseal fossa which is found in the sella turcica. It is also placed in front of the dorsum sellae. It is connected to the inferior surface of the brain by the infundibulum which connects it to the hypothalamus.