There are eleven artificial (imaginary) layers of the pelvis by dissection from the anterior abdominal wall as follows

 

Layer 1: Skin of anterior abdominal wall below the umbilicus

External genitalia containing

Female

bullet Vulva
bullet Clitoris
bullet Vestibule
bullet Labia majora
bullet Labia minora
bullet Hymen

Male

bullet Penis
bullet Scrotum


Layer 2: Superficial fascia layer

bullet Camper's fascia
bullet Scarpa's fascia


Layer 3: Layer of rectus sheath below the umbilicus

bulletAnterior wall of rectus sheath containing
bullet External oblique
bullet Internal oblique
bullet Rectus abdominis
bullet Transversus abdominis aponeurosis
bullet Inferior epigastric vessels
bullet Pyramidalis


Layer 4: Layer of
parietal peritoneum below the umbilicus


Layer 5: Layer of
pelvic peritoneal cavity


Layer 6: Layer of pelvic peritoneum and pelvic fascia

bullet Pelvic corridor

Layer 7: Layer of greater pelvis

bullet Iliacus
bullet Psoas muscles
bullet Fascia iliaca
bullet Iliohypogastric nerve
bullet lioinguinal nerve
bullet Lateral cutaneous of thigh
bullet Femoral nerve
bullet Pelvic corridor
bullet External iliac vessels

 

Layer 8: Layer of lesser pelvis
Female

bullet

Urinary bladder

bullet

Uterus

bullet

Cervix

bullet

Vagina

bullet

Fallopian tube

bullet

Ovary

Male

bullet Ductus deferens
bullet Prostate gland
bullet Seminal vesicle
bullet Ejaculatory duct

Male and female

bullet

Rectum

bullet

Pelvic peritoneal spaces

bullet

Blood supply of pelvis- internal iliac vessels

bullet

Nerves of lesser pelvis

bullet

Lumbosacral plexus and branches

bullet Sciatic nerve
bullet Pudendal nerve
bullet Obturator nerve
bullet

Autonomic nerves

bullet

Ovarian plexus

bullet

Abdominal aortic plexus

bullet

Inferior mesenteric plexus

bullet

Superior hypogastric plexus

bullet

Inferior hypogastric plexus

bullet

Vesical plexus

bullet

Prostatic plexus

bullet

Uterovaginal plexus

bullet

Uterine cervical ganglion

bullet

Uterine nerves

bullet

Vaginal nerves

bullet

Tubal nerves

bullet

Lumbar splanchnic nerve

 

bullet

Perineum from above- superior fascia of urogenital diaphragm

 

Layer 9: Layer of pelvic floor (Levatores ani)

bullet

Iliococcygeus

bullet

Pubococcygeus

bullet

Puborectalis

bullet

Pubovaginalis

bullet

Levator prostatae-
 Puboprostaticus

bullet

Ischiococcygeus (coccygeus)
 

Lesser 10: Layer of pelvic joints

Joints

bullet

Sacroiliac joint

bullet

Hip joint

bullet

Symphysis pubis

bullet Lumbosacral joint

Ligaments

bullet

Ventral  sacrococcygeal

bullet

Iliolumbar ligament

bullet

Lumbosacral ligament

bullet

Inguinal ligament

bullet

Pectineal ligament

bullet

Superior pubic ligament

bullet

Arcuate pubic ligament

bullet

Lacunar ligament

bullet

Iliofemoral ligament

bullet

Pubofemoral ligament

bullet

Anterior longitudinal ligament


Lesser 11: Layer of
pelvic bone

bullet

Hip bone

bullet

Ilium

bullet Ischium
bullet Pubis
bullet Sacrum
bullet Coccyx

Clinical examination

 

 

There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

 
Pelvis female video          Layers of pelvis links       Electronic dissector    Structure locator

 

 


Full female pelvis video    Pelvis layers  Female pelvis dissector   Female pelvis locator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dissector
Lymphatic drainage
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy
Clinical examination
Lesser pelvis
Pelvic canal
Pelvic cavity
Pelvic corridor
Pelvic girdle
Pelvis

Sacrum
Coccyx
Hip bone

Lumbosacral joint

Sacrococcygeal joint

Sacrococcygeal joint

Intercoccygeal joints

Pelvic examination
Injuries to sacrum
Injuries to coccyx
Injuries to hip bone
See body map

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