Roll over mouse to demonstrate axilla

 
Axilla

 

The space between the upper part of the upper arm laterally and the upper part of the chest wall medially. Its walls are as follows

The anterior wall is muscular and made up of the following muscles

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Pectoralis major

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Pectoralis minor

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Subclavius

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Clavipectoral fascia

Posterior wall is made up of the following muscles

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Subscapularis 

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      Teres major

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Latissimus dorsi

 

Lateral wall is made up of the upper part of humerus and conjoint muscles of coracobrachialis and short head of biceps brachii.

Medial wall is made up of the upper 4 digitations of serratus anterior together with the upper four intercostal spaces containing the intercostals muscles.

Base: The base of the axilla is formed simply by the axillary fascia.

It contains the following

 

BONES: Upper four ribs and costal cartilage


Muscles: Pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subclavius, latissimus dorsi, subscapularis, serratus anterior.

 

Arteries: Axillary artery and branches

 

Veins: Axillary veins and tributaries

 

Nerves: Branches of brachial plexus

 

Others: Fat, lymphatic vessels and nodes.

   
Elementary dissector Advanced dissector

Lesson
Full lecture

Practical: Living anatomy
               Museum anatomy

 
Pectoral locator Pectoral rotator Pectoral assembler

 

There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti

 

DIGITAL LOCATOR OF PECTORAL REGION: Layer 1- skin; Layer 2- superficial fascia, including breast; Layer 3 deep fascia; Layer 4- superficial musclea; Layer 5, intermediate muscles, Layer 6- deep muscles; Layer 7- pectoral joints; Layer 8- layer of bones.  Rollover mouse to label; click to display.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Dissector
Lymph drainage
Clinical anatomy

Clinical examination
Surgical approach to axilla
Putti-Platt procedure to shoulder
See body map

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