INTERVERTEBRAL JOINTS

 

Joint animation

DESCRIPTION: This joint articulation is between the vertebral bodies above and below starting from C2 to S1 vertebrae. They are cartilaginous joints. The cartilages between them are called the intervertebral discs.

LIGAMENTS:

NERVE SUPPLY:

BLOOD SUPPLY:

MOVEMENTS: Movements are in unison.

         Flexion: Scalenus anterior, scalenus medius, scalenus posterior, longus capitis, rectus abdominis (both sides) and sternocleidomastoid.

         Extension: Semispinalis capitis (both sides), splenius capitis (both sides) and erector spinae group.

         Lateral flexion: External oblique muscle of abdomen, internal oblique muscle of abdomen, longissimus group, and iliocostalis group.

         Rotation: Splenius cervicis, rotatores and multifidus.

Gallery

Flexion

Extension

Hyperextension

Lateral flexion

Skin

Interior

Bones

 

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