ORIGIN: Abdominal aorta.

COURSE/DISTRIBUTION: Arises from front of the aorta just below the origin of the renal artery and passes downwards in a long journey to the pelvis. It passes behind the peritoneum lying on the right psoas major and in front of the inferior vena cava and behind the distal part of duodenum, right colic artery, ileocolic artery, distal part of ileum and the root of mesentery. It then passes in front of the external iliac vessels at the level of the pelvic brim to enter the pelvis where it reaches the ovary by running in the suspensory ligament of the ovary and from the mesovarium, it breaks into branches which enter the ovary. But its trunk also gain access to the broad ligament of the uterus. At the broad ligament, it runs below the uterine tubes in the mesosalpinx and anastomoses with the uterine artery coming from the opposite direction. This anastomosis extends down to the cervix and includes the azygos vessels of the vagina. Other branches run into the deep inguinal ring and pass through the inguinal canal accompanying the round ligament of the uterus to the labium majus, after escaping from the superficial inguinal ring.


  • Ureteric branch
  • Branches to fat around kidney
  • Ovarian branches
  • Anastomotic branches to uterine artery
  • Branches to inguinal canal



There is nothing in anatomy not found in this website

Electronic School of Medicine
Creator:Oluwole Ogunranti

Pelvis female video          Layers of pelvis links       Electronic dissector    Structure locator


DIGITAL LOCATOR OF MALE PELVIS: Layer 1 Skin of pelvis- anterior abdominal wall and perineum). Layer 2- Superficial aspect of pelvis.  Layer 3 - intermediate dissection of male pelvis. Layer  4 - deep dissection of male pelvisCommon iliac vessel is located at layer 4 of pelvis. Rollover mouse to label; click to display age. Click blinking end page to display common iliac artery page Roll over mouse to unlabel. Layer  4 of male pelvis




Gross anatomy
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy





Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology




Main Subject Course Links

eAnatomy eAnesthesia eBiochemistry eChemical pathology eCommunity Health
eDermatology eENT eGynecology eHematology eImaging
eMedicine eMedical microbiology eObstetrics eOphthalmology ePathology
ePediatrics ePharmacology ePhysiology ePsychiatry    eSurgery/eOrthopedics
eLab eOSCE eProcedures eInvestigations eSchool/Videopage
eOrgans eLocator Anatomy Museum eDissector eFractures/Dissect-it-yourself
All diseases eClerking eTreatment eDoctor ePatient