FEMORAL ARTERY

 

 

ORIGIN: External iliac artery.

 

COURSE/DISTRIBUTION: This artery is the continuation of the external iliac artery and it begins behind the inguinal ligament at its mid inguinal point, mid-way between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle.  It runs a downward and medial course in the front of thigh, initially in the femoral sheath, but more distally, at the subsartorial (adductor) canal. It ends at the adductor hiatus, which is placed at the junction between the upper 2/3 and lower 1/3 of thigh to become the popliteal artery.

 

BRANCHES:

  • Muscular branches
  • Anastomotic branches
  • Cutaneous branches
  • Superficial epigastric artery
  • Superficial external pudendal artery
  • Superficial circumflex iliac artery.
  • Deep external pudendal artery
  • Deep circumflex iliac artery
  • Profunda femoris.

 

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