There are four types
Temperament blend theory
†Temperaments are those heritable characters in each individual to make him unique in behavior. But they are nevertheless influenced by upbringing.. Hence temperaments are the traits we inherited from our parents, although this does not in any way suggest that the inheritable traits are demons ratable in the said parents. Character on the other hand,† develops from the temperaments as a result of the influence of the environment, via upbringing, and social interactions.
By this definition we expect identical twins with similar genes to have the same temperaments about different characters. Those who grew up in the same environment tend to have similar character but with about 10-40% differences in traits, but those who grow up in very different environments or homes have very different characters. One may grow up a murderer and the other a preacher. Although they have the same temperaments, the environment of growing may have influence the development of the characters to such extreme that one is a criminal and the other a law abiding citizen.
According to Galen, there are four temperaments
Melancholic are unfriendly and morose introverts. They seem to thrive in their own little world which also carries some tone of sadness. But they are mostly gifted people, in music, languages, and many professional skills, probably because they spend most of their times thinking! They are great philosophers, scientists etc.
Sanguine are fun loving extroverts. They are rarely very talented but are very gifted talkers, and orators, good sales men etc
Choleric are domineering extroverts. This is the most common temperaments amongst the conquering armies of the old empires. For example the Romans, Persian, Greeks and even Germans and Russians.
Phlegmatic are slow but friendly and very diplomatic introverts.
According to Tim LaHaye all temperaments have weaknesses and strengths as follows
Strengths; Gifted, analytical, aesthetics, self-sacrificing, industrious, self Ėdisciplined. Weaknesses- Moody, self-centered, persecution-prone, revengeful, touchy, theoretical and unsociable.
Strengths: Sociable, responsive, warm, and friendly, talkative, enthusiastic, compassionate. Weaknesses- undisciplined, emotionally unstable, unproductive, egocentric, exaggerates.
Strengths: Strong-willed, independent, visionary, practical, productive, decisive, leader.
Weaknesses: Cold, unemotional self-sufficient, impetuous, domineering, unforgiving, sarcastic, angry and cruel.
Strengths: Calm, quiet, easygoing, loyal, objective, diplomatic, organized and efficient, humorous,
Weaknesses- Unmotivated, procrastinator, selfish, stingy, self-protective, indecisive, fearful, worrier.
The contribution of Tim LaHaye to the temperament study was the suggestion that every individual has two of the above traits, one dominant, the other slightly overshadowed, so that you have a primary temperament and a secondary one. We then have a total of 12 temperament blends as follows
Gifted, feels hurt of rejection badly, feels everything deeply; rigid and will not cooperate unless things go his way has poor self image despite his great achievements; very prone to persecution.
Has self will and determination; perfection is and slave driver; has strong leadership capabilities; may establish his own institution and run it well; very difficult to please or to live with; when corrected, may go into violent explosion; spirit of anger and revenge.
Best scholars whom people tend to like (since most scholars are unsociable); prefer solitary environment for study and research; organized and efficient; good mathematicians and spellers; very worrisome; has tendency to be vengeful.
Easiest to get along with for a long period; favorite of children and never angry; falls short of his true capability; quits school (or changes profession) early; follows line of least resistance; stingy, selfish and proud.
Excellent group leader; good counselor for he is a good listener; very stubborn and unyielding; the older he gets the more sedentary.
Most gentle and gracious; rarely angry or hostile; dresses simply; does not get over involved in anything; stingy and selfish.
Talks too much highly opinionated; has mouth trouble (talks before thinking); anger problem; not very honest.
Highly emotional and may change form laughter to tear or vice versa within minutes; great actors and public speakers (orators); anger problem; wants admiration badly.
Easiest person to like; extremely happy; likes helping people; motivation is by environment and circumstances rather than self; lack of motivation and discipline and does not like work but likes socializing.
Overactive; best motivator of people; hostile; anger problem;† brutally frank or hurtful; opinionated and prejudiced.
Very organized; great planner; not autocratic, people enjoy working for him/her; make good husband or father; but harbors resentment and bitterness; will not agree to mistake and will make it up quietly instead of apologizing; very stubborn.
Very industrious; a thorough leader; a very good argumentator/debater; can be dictatorial/autocratic; hostile and resentful and a slave driver.
Temperaments and sexuality
Wooing: A phlegmatic may never woo or chase a female until he is chased. Sanguine chase anything on sight that appeals to them. Female sanguine choose their own men. Choleric use power, money or both to chase females. Female choleric chase their own men who invariably are phlegmatic.
Dating: Phlegmatic prefer choleric and vice versa. Melancholic prefer sanguine and vice versa. Hence the two unromantic temperaments go together while the romantic ones also go together. In most cases, the sanguine chases the melancholic and the choleric chases the phlegmatic, whether female or male. The male still takes the leading role when the women do the chasing. But the first move is made by the extroverted person and hence the attraction is between introverted (melancholic, phlegmatic) on one hand and extraverted (sanguine, choleric) on the other.
Temperament blend sexualities
MelSan Ė Cunning in romance; incurable romantic but open to crimes of passion.
MelPhleg- Calculated and cool in romance but vengeful jealousy
MelChol- Romantic and disciplines; nagging problem
SanMel- Delight of the opposite sex but tendency to flirtation
SanChol- Subdued romantic, but tendency to monopartnership
SanPhleg- Tendency to promiscuity or even prostitution if not careful
CholSan- Sex for power or money; may† be a rapist
CholMel- Disciplined in romance; but sometimes sex for power.
CholPhleg- Discreet romance; sex for services
PhlegChol- Unromantic; may even chase the wrong persons
PhlegSan- May be lured to prostitution; quite romantic but tendency t promiscuity
PhlegMel- Can be completely unromantic; easily virgins.
1.† Do you normally like leadership roles?
1.† Are you a worrier?
All answers must be yes or no. At the end of the exercise count how many yes you have for each questionnaire.
Questionnaire 1- Choleric
Questionnaire 2- Sanguine
Questionnaire 3- Melancholic
Questionnaire 4- Phlegmatic
The highest yes is your primary temperament. The next to it is your secondary one. If you have high third, then that must be a pseudotemperament which is nevertheless strong enough to influence your behavior. You probably picked it from your parents during your upbringing.