is the bone of the lower jaw. It is singe, having been fused in embryological
development leading to the formation of a false symphysis known as the
between the two halves of the mandible.
The mandible is the largest and strongest of the bones of the
has a curved body with two processes (rami) on either side.
The body carries a mental tubercle on the sides of the
symphysis menti and has an internal oblique
mylohyoid line. It has two
condyloid process, which carries the head of the mandible (or condyle) and the
coronoid process, which provides attachment for the
The head of
mandible articulates with the mandibular process of the
bone forming the
temporomandibular joint, which allows the movement of the lower jaw on the upper. A neck connects the head of the mandible with the ramus.
The mandibular ramus also has a mandibular canal whose external extreme is the mandibular foramen. This transmits the inferior alveolar nerve and vessels.
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