skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull skull  skull skull skull skull skull

 

Mandible is the bone of the lower jaw. It is singe, having been fused in embryological development leading to the formation of a false symphysis known as the symphysis menti between the two halves of the mandible.  The mandible is the largest and strongest of the bones of the skull. It has a curved body with two processes (rami) on either side.

The body carries a mental tubercle on the sides of the symphysis menti and has an internal oblique mylohyoid line. It has two processes- the condyloid process, which carries the head of the mandible (or condyle) and the coronoid process, which provides attachment for the temporalis. The head of mandible articulates with the mandibular process of the temporal bone forming the temporomandibular joint, which allows the movement of the lower jaw on the upper. A neck connects the head of the mandible with the ramus.

The mandibular ramus also has a mandibular canal whose external extreme is the mandibular foramen. This transmits the inferior alveolar nerve and vessels.

Links to structures

More

 


Skull short video                 More video

 

 

 

 

Introduction
Cell biology
Histology
Embryology
Gross anatomy
Organ integration
Clinical anatomy

Quiz

Physiology

Biochemistry

Pharmacology

Chemical Pathology

Anatomical Pathology

Imaging

Medicine

Surgery

Summary
Tutorial
Presentation
Video
Rotator
Regional anatomy
Skull injuries
Xray
Muscles

Ligaments
Skull dissector
Skull assembler

 


Electronic School of Medicine
Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti