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Femur pictures     Study-tutorial   Practical: 1. Living anatomy 2. Museum

Femur
Muscles attachment

Anterior aspect

      Origin

                  Vastus lateralis

                  Vastus  medialis

                  Vastus intermedius

                  Articularis genu

 

      Insertion

                  Psoas major

                  Gluteus minimus

 

Posterior aspect

      Origin

                  Vastus lateralis

                  Vastus medialis

                  Vastus intermedius

                  Plantaris

                  Gastrocnemius

                  Medial head

                  Lateal head

                  Biceps femoris (short head)

 

      Insertion

                  Psoas major

                  Iliacus

                  Pectineus

                  Adductor brevis

                  Adductor longus

                  Adductor magnus

                  Gluteus maximus

                  Gluteus medius

                  Obturator externus

                  Quadratus femoris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Features of femur

 

 


 
 

 

 

The femur is the strongest and the longest bone in the body. It is the bone of the thigh. It has head, neck, greater and lesser trochanters and shaft of femur. It also has a shaft, and a distal end which contains the lateral and medial condyles of femur. The shaft carries medial and lateral supracondylar lines, spiral line and linea aspera. It also has the gluteal tuberosity.

Distal extremity of the femur is represented by the condyles of the femur and their intercondylar area.

The lateral condyle is more massive than the medial one. It carries the lateral epicondyle. The medial condyle is smaller than the lateral one and carries the medial epicondyle and the adductor tubercle for the attachment of the adductor magnus.

BORDERS: The middle third of the shaft of the femur has three borders

- medial, lateral and posterior.

SURFACES: There are three surfaces in the middle third of the shaft of the femur-

  •          anterior

  •          medial

  •          lateral

But the distal third has an additional posterior (popliteal surface) and the proximal shaft a posterior surface that carries gluteal tuberosity, spiral line and pectineal line.

 

 

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Femur short video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anterior

Posterior

 


Anterior thigh video     Anterior thigh layers   links    Electronic dissector    Structure locator
 
Video dissector of anterior aspect of thigh DIGITAL LOCATOR OF ANTERIOR THIGH:

Layer 1, Skin of anterior thigh; Layer 2 superficial fascia of anterior thigh; Layer 3 deep fascia of anterior thigh; Layer 4 Quadriceps femoris layer of anterior thigh; Layer 5- Layer of femoral vessels and nerve; Layer 6- Adductor magnus layer of anterior thigh; Layer 7 - layer of of femur of anterior thigh.

 

 

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Creator: Oluwole Ogunranti